Attention and Performance XVI: Information Integration in Perception and Communication

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MIT Press, 1996 - Psychology - 680 pages
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In 1966 the first meeting of the Association for the Study of Attention and Performance was held in the Netherlands to promote the emerging science of cognitive psychology. This volume is based on the most recent conference, held in Israel thirty years later. The focus of the conference was the interaction between theory and application. The organizers chose the specific topic, cognitive regulation of performance, because it is an area where contemporary theories of cognitive processes meet the everyday challenges posed by human interactions with complex systems. Present-day technological systems impose on the operator a variety of supervisory functions, such as input and output monitoring, allocation of cognitive resources, choice of strategies, and regulation of cognitive operations. A challenge for engineers and designers is to accommodate the cognitive requirements called for by these systems.

The book is divided into four sections: the presentation and representation of information, cognitive regulation of acquisition and performance, consciousness and behavior, and special populations: aging and neurological disorders.

Contributors: Nicole D. Anderson, Moshe Bar, Lynn Bardell, Alice E. Barnes, Irving Biederman, Robert A. Bjork, Richard A. Block, Fergus I. M. Craik, Heiner Deubel, John Dunlosky, Ido Erev, Ronald Fisher, John M. Flach, Barry Goettl, Morris Goldsmith, Daniel Gopher, Lynn Hasher, Okihide Hikosaka, Larry L. Jacoby, Peter Kalocsai, Colleen Kelley, David E. Kieras, Roberta Klatzky, Asher Koriat, Arthur F. Kramer, Elisabetta Ladavas, John L. Larish, Susan J. Lederman, John Long, Cynthia P. May, Guiliana Mazzoni, Brian McElree, David Meyer, Satoru Miyauchi, Neville Moray, Louis Narens, Thomas O. Nelson, Raymond S. Nickerson, Lynne Reder, J. Wesley Regian, Ian Robertson, Wolfgang Schneider, Christian D. Schunn, Wayne Shebilske, Shinsuke Shimojo, Suresh Subramaniam, Tom N. Trainham, Jehoshua Tsal, Timothy A. Weber, Christopher Wickens, Rose T. Zacks, Dan Zakay.

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Mechanisms of Information Integration in the Brain
A Bayesian Framework for the Integration of Visual Modules
Stereo and Texture Cue Integration in the Perception of Planar
An Architecture for Rapid Hierarchical Structural Description
Integration and Accumulation of Information across Saccadic
A Neurophysiological Distinction between Attention
Multiple Pathways for Processing Visual Space
Multimodal Spatial Constraints on Tactile Selective Attention
One Visual Experience Many Visual Systems
Integration of Multiple Sources of Information in Language
Representation and Activation in Syntactic Processing
Using Eye Movements to Study Spoken Language
From Parsing Preferences
Cooperating Brain Systems in Selective Perception and Action
Different Patterns of Popout for Direction of Motion and
Inhibition and Facilitation

Multimodal Spatial Attention Visualized by Motion Illusion
Haptic and Visual Representations of Space
Are Proprioceptive Sensory Inputs Combined into
Integration of Extrinsic and Motor Space
Bidirectional Theory Approach to Integration
Reflections on the Theme
Author Index
Subject Index

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About the author (1996)

Gopher is Professor of Psychology and Human Factors at Technion, Israeli Institute for Technology, and Director of the Research Center for Work, Safety, and Human Engineering.

James L. McClelland is Professor of Psychology and Director of the Center for Mind, Brain, andComputation at Stanford University. He is the coauthor of Parallel DistributedProcessing (1986) and Semantic Cognition (2004), both published by theMIT Press.

Koriat is Professor of Psychology at the University of Haifa, where he heads the Institute of Information Processing and Decision Making.