Modernism and Eugenics
Is the nation an 'imagined community' centered on culture or rather a biological community determined by heredity? Modernism and Eugenicsexamines this question from a bifocal perspective. On the one hand, it looks at technologies through which the individual body was re-defined eugenically by a diverse range of European scientists and politicians between 1870 and 1940; on the other, it illuminates how the national community was represented by eugenic discourses that strove to battle a perceived process of cultural decay and biological degeneration. In the wake of a renewed interest in the history of science and fascism, Modernism and Eugenicstreats the history of eugenics not as distorted version of crude social Darwinism that found its culmination in the Nazi policies of genocide but as an integral part of European modernity, one in which the state and the individual embarked on an unprecedented quest to renew an idealized national community.
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The Pathos of Science 18701914
The Worlds Only Hygiene 19141918
Eugenic Technologies of National
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Alfred Ploetz argued biopolitical Britain Cambridge Church cists compulsory sterilisation concept context Corrado Gini cultural Czech Darwin degeneration dysgenic emerged ethnic eugenic discourses eugenic ideas Eugenic Sterilisation eugenicists Eugenics Movement Eugenics Review Eugenics Society Europe evolution Fascism Francis Galton Fritz Lenz future Genetics German Gesellschaftsbiologie Géza von Hoffmann Haskovec hereditary heredity History of Eugenics Hungarian Hungary Ibid ideological individual interwar Italian J. F. Lehmann journal Karl Pearson laws Leonard Darwin London Marius Turda marriage mental modernism and eugenics modernist moral Munich national body national community national eugenics national regeneration nationalist nature Nazi negative eugenic organised physical political Population Policy practical eugenics programme protection Quoted Race Hygiene racial hygiene racial improvement racial qualities Rassen Rassenhygiene rejuvenation religion reproduction Roger Griffin Romania scientific scientism scientists sexual social and biological Society for Racial spiritual Sterilization Swedish theories tion transformation Turda twentieth century ultimately vision Weindling welfare World Zurukzoglu