## Pattern Recognition and Machine Intelligence: Second International Conference, PReMI 2007, Kolkata, India, December 18-22, 2007, Proceedingsinstitute's motto "Unity in Diversity." As evidence and justi'cation of the int- disciplinary research comprising statistics and computer science, one may note thatstatistics providesone ofthe bestparadigmsfor learning,andit hasbecome an integralpart of the theories/paradigmsof machine learning, e.g., arti'cial - telligence, neural networks, brain mapping, data mining, and search machines on the Internet. Zadeh, the founder of fuzzy set theory, has observed that there are three essential ingredients for dramatic success in computer applications, namely, a fuzzy model of data, Bayesian inference and genetic algorithms for optimization. Similarly, statistical science will be a part, in many ways, of the validation of the tentative model of the human brain, its functions and prop- ties, including consciousness. As a mark of the signi'cant achievements in these activities in ISI, special mention may be made of the DOE-sponsored KBCS Nodal Center of ISI in the 1980s and the Center for Soft Computing Research of ISI recently established in 2004 by the DST, Government of India. The soft computing center is the ?rst national initiative in the country in this domain, and has many imp- tant objectives like providing a six-month value addition certi'cate course for post-graduates, enriching national institutes, e.g., NITs through funding for - search in soft computing, establishing linkage to premier institutes/industries, organizing specialized courses, apart from conducting fundamental research. |

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### Contents

Ensemble Approaches of Support Vector Machines for Multiclass Classification | 1 |

Robust Approach for Estimating Probabilities in NaiveBayes Classifier | 11 |

Weighted kNearest Leader Classifier for Large Data Sets | 17 |

Hybrid Approaches for Clustering | 25 |

Recognizing Patterns of Dynamic Behaviors Based on Multiple Relations in Soccer Robotics Domain | 33 |

An Adaptive Algorithm for Failure Recovery During Dynamic Service Composition | 41 |

Neuromorphic Adaptable Ocular Dominance Maps | 49 |

Fault Diagnosis Using Dynamic Time Warping | 57 |

An Unbalanced Data Classification Model Using Hybrid Sampling Technique for Fraud Detection | 341 |

Automatic Reference Tracking with OnDemand Relevance Filtering Based on Users Interest | 349 |

Users Search Behavior Graph for Aiding Personalized Web Search | 357 |

Semantic Integration of Information Through Relation Mining Application to Biomedical Text Processing | 365 |

Data Analysis and Bioinformatics | 373 |

Rule Mining with Rough Sets and Decision Trees and Comethylation Analysis | 389 |

Parallel Construction of Conflict Graph for Phylogenetic Network Problem | 398 |

Granular Support Vector Machine Based Method for Prediction of Solubility of Proteins on Overexpression in Escherichia Coli | 406 |

KernelBased Spectral Matched Signal Detectors for Hyperspectral Target Detection | 67 |

A Multiscale Change Detection Technique Robust to Registration Noise | 77 |

Image Quality Assessment Based on Perceptual Structural Similarity | 87 |

Topology Adaptive Active Membrane | 95 |

Bit Plane Encoding and Encryption | 103 |

Segmenting Multiple Textured Objects Using Geodesic Active Contour and DWT | 111 |

Projection Onto Convex Sets with Watermarking for Error Concealment | 119 |

Spatial Topology of Equitemporal Points on Signatures for Retrieval | 128 |

Modified 9DLT Matrix for Similarity Retrieval of LineDrawing Images | 136 |

Image Retrieval Using Fuzzy Relevance Feedback and Validation with MPEG7 Content Descriptors | 144 |

Recognition of Isolated Handwritten Kannada Numerals Based on Image Fusion Method | 153 |

Semisupervised Learning with Multilayer Perceptron for Detecting Changes of Remote Sensing Images | 161 |

Automatic Guidance of a Tractor Using Computer Vision | 169 |

Multiscale Boundary Identification for Medical Images | 177 |

FEM 2D Analysis of Mild Traumatic Brain Injury on a Child | 186 |

A RoughGranular Approach | 192 |

The Possibilities of Fuzzy Logic in Image Processing | 198 |

Fuzzy Ordering Relation and Fuzzy Poset | 209 |

A Practical Fuzzy Logic Controller for Sumo Robot Competition | 217 |

Hierarchical Fuzzy Case Based Reasoning with Multicriteria Decision Making for Financial Applications | 226 |

Comparison of Neural Network Boolean Factor Analysis Method with Some Other Dimension Reduction Methods on Bars Problem | 235 |

A GABased Pruning Strategy and Weight Update Algorithm for Efficient Nonlinear System Identification | 244 |

Enhanced Quantum Evolutionary Algorithms for Difficult Knapsack Problems | 252 |

A Decomposition Approach for Combined Heuristic and Differential Evolution Method for the Reactive Power Problem | 261 |

Cunning Ant System for Quadratic Assignment Problem with Local Search and Parallelization | 269 |

Use of Ant Colony Optimization for Finding Neighborhoods in Image Nonstationary Markov Random Field Classification | 279 |

A NeuroFuzzy Scheme for Integrated Input Fuzzy Set Selection and Optimal Fuzzy Rule Generation for Classification | 287 |

Rough Set Theory of Pattern Classification in the Brain | 295 |

Rough Core Vector Clustering | 304 |

A Brain Informatics Perspective | 311 |

Quick Knowledge Reduction Based on Divide and Conquer Method in Huge Data Sets | 312 |

A Novel Scheme for Compact Representation of Large Datasets | 316 |

Efficient Multimethod Rule Learning for Pattern Classification Machine Learning and Data Mining | 324 |

High Confidence Association Mining Without Support Pruning | 332 |

Evolutionary Biclustering with Correlation for Gene Interaction Networks | 416 |

A Regularization Method | 425 |

New Results on Energy Balance Analysis of Metabolic Networks | 433 |

Computation of QRS Vector of ECG Signal for Observation of Its Clinical Significance | 439 |

Signal Resampling Technique Combining Level Crossing and Auditory Features | 447 |

Cepstral Domain Teager Energy for Identifying Perceptually Similar Languages | 455 |

Spoken Language Identification for Indian Languages Using Split and Merge EM Algorithm | 463 |

Audio Visual Speaker Verification Based on Hybrid Fusion of Cross Modal Features | 469 |

Voice Transformation by Mapping the Features at Syllable Level | 479 |

A Case Study on South Indian Scripts | 487 |

Entropy Based Skew Correction of Document Images | 495 |

Keyword Extraction from a Single Document Using Centrality Measures | 503 |

A HMMBased Approach to Recognize Ultra Low Resolution AntiAliased Words | 511 |

Text Region Extraction from Quality Degraded Document Images | 519 |

An HMM Based Approach | 528 |

HMM Parameter Estimation with Genetic Algorithm for Handwritten Word Recognition | 536 |

Bengali and Hindi as Case Studies | 545 |

Detecting Misspelled Words in Turkish Text Using Syllable ngram Frequencies | 553 |

Self Adaptable Recognizer for Document Image Collections | 560 |

MixtureofLaplacian Faces and Its Application to Face Recognition | 568 |

Age Transformation for Improving Face Recognition Performance | 576 |

Recognizing Facial Expression Using Particle Filter Based Feature Points Tracker | 584 |

Human Gait Recognition Using Temporal Slices | 592 |

Accurate Iris Boundary Detection in IrisBased Biometric Authentication Process | 600 |

Conﬁdence Measure for Temporal Registration of Recurrent Nonuniform Samples | 608 |

Automatic Detection of Human Fall in Video | 616 |

A Kernel Density Estimation Approach Via Level Set Function Evolution | 624 |

Spatiotemporal Descriptor Using 3D Curvature Scale Space | 632 |

Shot Boundary Detection Using Frame Transition Parameters and Edge Strength Scatter | 641 |

Improved Tracking of Multiple Vehicles Using Invariant FeatureBased Matching | 649 |

An Adaptive Bayesian Technique for Tracking Multiple Objects | 657 |

Computationally Efficient MCTF for MCEZBC Scalable Video Coding Framework | 666 |

674 | |

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### Common terms and phrases

accuracy algorithm analysis applied approach Berlin Heidelberg 2007 bicluster block boundary cells classiﬁer clustering coeﬃcients components computed contour correlation corresponding data mining database dataset deﬁned detection diﬀerent dynamic edge edge detection eﬀective eﬃcient encryption error estimation extracted feature space ﬁlter ﬁnd ﬁrst FLANN frame function fuzzy sets Gaussian gene expression Ghosh graph handwritten Heidelberg Hidden Markov Model identiﬁcation IEEE IEEE Trans input KD-Tree kernel keywords Kolkata label linear LNCS machine learning mapping matching matrix measure neural network node noise object obtained optimal output paper parameters Pattern Recognition performance pixels PReMI problem proﬁles proposed method PSNR query represents retrieval robot Rough Sets rules S.K. Pal Eds samples segmentation sequence shown signal signiﬁcant similarity skew speciﬁc Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg structure Support Vector Support Vector Machines Table technique texture threshold tion tracking transformation values weight word