Preferring Justice: Rationality, Self-transformation, and the Sense of Justice
Rules of justice would benefit the members of a community little if individuals lacked an effective desire to comply with these rules. But from the individual point of view, the sense of justice appears to do no more than to limit what individuals can do in pursuit of their ends and open them to exploitation. Realizing this, we might each wonder whether the sense of justice is anything more than an instrument of social control, something we would each be better off without. And it is a short step from such worries to unjust action and all of its attendant costs. Hence, we require a successful justification of the sense of justice to answer pernicious doubts about this disposition arising from the individual point of view. In Preferring Justice, Eric Cave argues that, as flawed agents of differing abilities choosing under partial information, most of us require the sense of justice to advance maximally whatever ends we have apart from the end of acting justly.
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The Components of a Contractarian Argument
The Collective Rationality of SelfTransformation
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acting justly appeal argue argument assume become true transformers choose the faker choose the true conception of justice constrained maximization contractors would choose cooperation and defection David Gauthier decision problem decision rules decision value framework develop principled preferences disaster avoidance reasoning disposition Duncan MacIntosh elusive enforcement-provider enlightened maximizer strategy equilibrium exploited faker and true faker niches faker strategy flawed fundamental justification game theory Gauthier's gifted contractors given round habituation individual strategies instrumental rationality interaction intrinsic preferences iterated game joint strategy justice game justify the sense maintain the sense maximin reasoning maximize decision value moral motivation condition PD involved PD preferences Plausibility Condition players policer strategy policers and transformers possible outcomes preference revision prisoner's dilemma punished rational agents realize representative round Robert Nozick rules of justice sense of justice shallowly rational strategic reasoning tion tional tractors transformed contractors transformer enforcement mechanism true trans true transformer strategies typical contractors unjustly worry