Renaissance France at War: Armies, Culture and Society, C.1480-1560
The `other' Renaissance experienced by France was that of war. In Italy from 1494 to 1529, for instance, France was involved in at least a hundred battles, some of them `batttles of giants' like Marignano. After 1530, though the emphasis partly shifted away from Italy and major battles were replaced by complex sieges and wars of manoeuvre, the presence of war was universal. In the `Habsburg Valois' wars that began in 1521, the country was subjected to major military incursions but continued to make notable attempts to occupy contiguous territory in the Pyrenees, the Alps and the north-east.BR> Explaining such prodigious military efforts is the theme of this book. Why did the rulers of France attach so much importance to war and did the development of French armies in this period contribute to a significant modernisation of the country's military potential? The author attempts to answer these crucial questions, through an exploration of the strategy of the country's rulers in the light of contemporary writings, analysis of the nature of the country's high command, and a study of the major components of the king's armies. He argues that France was a society geared to war, persuaded by a sophisticated network of printed communications; the reception of the triumphalist view of war favoured by the rulers is discussed via an investigation of public opinion, as revealed in the literary, artistic and musical worlds. He also shows how the strengthening of the frontiers with new fortifications emerged as a major stage in the adaptation of France to age of artillery. DAVID POTTER is Reader in History at the University of Kent, Canterbury.
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Kings Ministers and Decisions
The High Command Planning and the Army as a Whole
Cavalry and the Nobility at War
The Birth of the French Infantry
Foreign Mercenaries in the Service of the King of France
the artillery Revolution Fortifications and siege Warfare
the Field of Battle
military administration and Finance
supply Garrisons logistics and the Problem
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16th century allocated amiens archers arms arquebusiers artillery attack bastions bataille battle Bellay Bib.ii BL add Bn fr Bouchet Boulogne Bourgeois Brantôme Buchon Burgundy Calais camp campaign captains cavalry Charles Viii Chronique command Commentaires commissaires Commynes Contamine Courteault crown D’auton defence duke duke of Guise écus emperor enemy état extraordinaire faict florange force fortifications fortresses fourquevaux france francs-archers french army french infantry frontier garrison gendarmerie German guerres Guillaume Guillaume du Bellay Guise Henri Henri ii Histoire honour ibid imperial italian wars italy Jean Jean Bouchet King King’s lances lansquenets legion Lenormant letters levy lieutenant light horse Louis Xii Lyon maître Marignano Mémoires men-at-arms Milan militaire military Monluc Montmorency muster naples Ord.Fr.I paid Pavia peace Péronne Picardy Piedmont princes printed Recherches recruitment renaissance royal saint-Quentin siege soldiers supply swiss thérouanne tion treaty trésorier troops Vieilleville Villars vols Paris