Fascist Modernism: Aesthetics, Politics, and the Avant-garde
What was it about fascism that made the movement, in its various forms, so attractive and exciting to such writers and artists as Wyndham Lewis, Ezra Pound and Celine, among others? Using as a focal point the literary work of Filippo Tommaso Marinetti, the founder of the Italian Futurist movement and an early associate of Mussolini, the author examines the points of contact between a progressive aesthetic practice and a reactionary political ideology. The book begins by unfolding the history of the avant-garde and concludes by re-examining some of his assertions in the light of the postmodernism debate, attempting to understand the ways in which the debate is framed by the demise of both fascism and the avant-garde in their most fully developed historical forms. Throughout, the book is enriched with close readings of a range of (often marginalized) avant-garde texts.
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adjective aesthetic aestheticization of politics aesthetics and politics ambiguity anachronism analysis anarchism argues Art Nouveau articulate assertion attempt autonomy avant avant-garde barbarism becomes Benjamin bourgeois bourgeois public sphere bourgeoisie broader Burger Calinescu capitalism chapter characterize constituted critical critique cultural dandy decadence deterritorialization discourse displacement emergence exchange fascism Fascist Modernism fetishism formal fragmentation full unfolding function Futurist garde Hanns Johst high modernism historical ideological imperialism insistence irredentism legitimation liberal literary logic Lukacs machine Mallarme manifesto Marinetti mediation metaphor metaphysics of presence mimesis mimetic modernist movement necessarily negation netti's notion noun ontologized opposition paradigm paradox phenomenon philosophical poetics Poggioli politicization possible postmodern praxis precisely present principle problematic production progress public sphere question radical rationalization reading reality realm relationship representation seems sense signifier simply social spatial specific specular structural sublation Symbolist system-immanent temporality theatricality theory thetic tion tradition understand
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