Clouds play a critical role in the Earth's climate, general atmospheric circulation, and global water balance. Clouds are essential elements in mesoscale meteorology, atmospheric chemistry, air pollution, atmosphericradiation, and weather forecasting, and thus must be understood by any student or researcher in the atmospheric sciences.
Cloud Dynamics provides a skillful and comprehensive examination of the nature of clouds--what they look like and why, how scientists observe them, and the basic dynamics and physics that underlie them. The book describes the mechanics governing each type of cloud that occurs in Earth's atmosphere, and the organization of various types of clouds in larger weather systems such as fronts, thunderstorms, and hurricanes.This book is aimed specifically at graduate students, advanced undergraduates, practicing researchers either already in atmospheric science or moving in from a related scientific field, and operational meteorologists. Some prior knowledge of atmospheric dynamics and physics is helpful, but a thorough overview of the necessary prerequisites is supplied.
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advection aircraft American Meteorological Society associated baroclinic boundary layer bright band buoyancy cells circulation cirriform cloud cloud layer cloud system cloud top cold-frontal component continuity equation convective clouds convective region cumulonimbus cumulus cyclone Doppler radar downburst downdraft drops entrainment environment extratropical cyclones eyewall fall speed Figure flow fluid flux frontal geostrophic geostrophic wind gradient graupel gust front height horizontal hurricane ice particles indicated instability liquid water mass mesoscale convective systems microburst microphysical mixing ratio nimbostratus observed obtained occur outflow parcel pattern potential temperature potential vorticity pressure perturbation radar reflectivity radiation radius rain rainbands rear inflow Reprinted with permission Schematic shear shown in Fig squall line storm stratiform precipitation stratiform region stratocumulus stratus structure supercell surface thermal thermodynamic thunderstorm tion tornado trailing stratiform turbulent two-dimensional updraft upper levels upward vapor vertical velocity vortex water-continuity wave wind zone