An Introduction to Theories of Learning
This proven, comprehensive volume defines learning and shows how the learning process is studied. It learning in its historical perspective, giving readers an appreciation for the figures and theories that have shaped 100 years of learning theory research. Presents essential features of the major theories of learning and examines some of the relationships between learning theory and educational practices. Offers a new chapter introducing Evolutionary Psychology and its approach to learning. Covers current topics including the neuropsychology of amnesia, the neuropsychological distinction between declarative learning and memory and procedural learning and memory, the neuropsychology of reinforcement and addiction, and on-line learning and distance education. Provides examples of theory in practice throughout. Features end-of-chapter evaluation sections that include conditions and criticisms. For administrators, educators, or anyone looking for information about how people learn.
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Introduction to Learning
Predominantly Functionalists Theories
Clark Leonard Hull
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activity alpha waves animal approach Aristotle arousal associationism associationistic become behavior behavioristic brain called causes Chapter child classical conditioning cognitive structures complex concept conditioned response conditioned stimulus cortex dependent variable Descartes drive effect elicit environment example experimental explain extinction fact function Gestalt Guthrie habit havior Hebb Hull Hull's human ideas important instrumental conditioning involved kinds of learning law of effect learned response learning experience learning process learning theory memory neural occurs operant optic chiasm organism paradigm partial reinforcement Pavlov performance physiological Piaget Plato Postulate primary primary reinforcement principles problem psychology punishment rats reaction potential reinforcement schedule reward rG-sG salivation secondary reinforcer sensory shown in Figure situation Skinner box solving sponse student teacher teaching tend theorists theory of learning Thorndike Thorndike's tion Tolman transfer of training trial