A Directory for the Navigation of the Indian Ocean: With Descriptions of Its Coasts, Islands, Etc., from the Cape of Good Hope to the Strait of Sunda and Western Australia : Including Also the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf, the Winds, Monsoons, and Currents, and the Passages from Europe to Its Various Ports
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1J miles Agulhas Bank anchor anchorage Atoll bank Bay of Bengal beach bearing blows bluff boats breezes called calms Cape Captain centre channel chart cliffs coast coral coral reef Coromandel coast cyclones dangerous depth direction distance East eastern side eastward edge entrance equator extreme fathoms fathoms water feet high flagstaff forms full and change gales Gulf half a mile harbour high water hills Indian Ocean Island islet land latitude light lighthouse low water Madagascar Mauritius miles N.W. miles wide months mountains mouth Mozambique Channel nearly North point North side north-east north-west northern northward outer pass passage patch peak Port rain remarkable rise River rocks rocky round runs S.E. trade S.W. monsoon S.W. winds sand season shelter ship shoal soundings south-west southerly southern southward steer Strait of Malacca Table Bay tide town vessels village weather West westerly western westward Zanzibar
Page 46 - At last the sudden lightnings flash among the hills and sheet through the clouds that overhang the sea, and with a crash of thunder the monsoon bursts over the thirsty land, not in showers or partial torrents, but in a wide deluge, that in the course of a few hours .overtops the river banks and spreads in inundations over every level plain.
Page 88 - ... it appeared to be quite smooth, and conveyed to the mind the idea of an immense plain of frosted silver. Gigantic icicles depended from every projecting point of its perpendicular cliffs, proving that it sometimes thaws, which otherwise we could not have believed...
Page 210 - If, therefore, the stratum of air in the ordinary humid condition should be suddenly lifted 3,600 feet, viz., to about the height of Table Mountain, its temperature would be lowered by 12°, and a portion of the humidity would be condensed in the form of cloud or fog, irrespective of each cubic foot becoming lighter by about 61 grains. The strong and occasionally violent southerly winds which prevail during these months effect the displacement. Table Mountain, like a huge wall, receives some four...
Page 142 - ... impracticable, except on the north-western or leeward side, and at Prosperous and Sandy Bays to windward, and even then only in favourable weather. The most singular phenomenon connected with this part of the ocean is the setting in of very heavy continuous swells, called " rollers," from the NNW, particularly during the month of February, when the waves burst on the leeward shore with astonishing grandeur and impetuosity. During their continuance landing is extremely dangerous, and can only...
Page 218 - Code of Signals can make their wishes known to their agents in blowing weather through the Port Office ; and any assistance required will be strictly attended to, as far as practicable ; and vessels not having the code can make the following with their ensigns : — 1st.
Page 723 - As at certain times of tide, pilots cannot get off, attention should be given to all directions signalled from the shore. Masters of ships should not, under any circumstances, attempt to enter the port without a pilot. Anchorage in the Roads : — From June to the middle of September, ships should not on any account anchor, but stand off and on, keeping the lighthouse bearing from N. by E. to NE, 1 to 2 miles distant, until boarded by a pilot, or directed by signal.
Page 208 - The Cape of Good Hope was discovered by Bartholomew Diaz, in 1487, who named it Cabo Tormentoso, or the Stormy Cape, ou account of the boisterous weather which he experienced near the coast, which prevented him from making the land. But John II., King of Portugal, entertaining no doubt of his having found the long desired route to India, gave it a name of better omen, viz., "The Cape of Good Hope.
Page 218 - Down top-gallant yards and masts, and point yards to the wind, and see everything clear for working the ship as far as practicable. Union-jack over No. 3, white and red, vertical. — Shorten in cable to same scope as when first moored. When it is considered necessary to make any of the above signals, it is strongly recommended that all commanders immediately repair on board their respective vessels, and that the above signals may be answered by hoisting the answering pendant, or the ensign at the...