Unemployment and Labour Market Flexibility: Finland

Front Cover
The emerging Finnish Model of social labour markets is likely to be a source of growing international interest in the 1990s. This book examines Finland's reputation for economic dynamism and social welfare in the face of the challenges raised by structural adjustment.
 

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Contents

Towards a Finnish model?
1
Sectoral distribution of employment 197088
14
Growth rates of employment by public and private sectors 198488
16
Public sector employment by industry 1984 and 1988
17
Active and full unemployment rates ages 1564 197787
19
Unemployment rates Finland Nordic countries and OECD Europe 197588
20
Special measures to promote employment or reduce unemployment 1983
21
Estimates of the natural rate of unemployment 196480
23
Recipients of early retirement pensions by type of pension aged 5564 end 1988
59
Unemployment rates by age group 197288
60
Termination of employment spells by reason 198687
62
Distribution of unemployment by duration by age group 1986
65
Wage flexibility and employment
67
The composition of changes in total labour costs and product prices
69
Share of employees compensation in value added and its components
71
Interregional mobility of Finnish population relative net migration in
82

a OECD estimates 197685 b Pehkonens estimates 9 Incidence of longterm unemployment selected countries 198085
27
Changing patterns of unemployment
31
The regional incidence of absolute and relative unemployment 1985
33
Changes in the industrial structure by region 197788
34
Changes in labour force employment and unemployment by region 197788
35
unemployed and recipients of unemployment pension by region end 1987
36
population aged 1564 autumn 1987
38
Labour force participation rates by age and sex 197088
40
Womens labour force participation rates by marital status and presence of children 1978 1982 1986 and 1987
41
Public sector employment by sex 195088
42
Parttime employment by sex 197788
43
Unemployment rates by sex and proportion of women in total
46
Agespecific unemployment rates 197288
48
Unemployment rates by age 197288
51
population aged 5564 197087
55
Labour force participation rates selected years 197288
57
Main types of employment pension schemes in the private sector 196287
58
Wage differentials of manufacturing workers between agreement areas
91
industries 196086
93
Labour flexibility in enterprises
99
Total labour costs in manufacturing OECD countries selected years
101
Total hourly labour costs in manufacturing in five OECD countries 197388
102
Estimates of quasifixed and variable labour costs in manufacturing
108
Age distribution of persons in fulltime and parttime employment 1977
119
Industrial enterprises by size and share in total employment 197486
126
Research and development expenditure and fixed investment
130
Job content and working conditions according to the use of new information
134
Dispersion of the average duration of job vacancies across occupations
138
Labour market policy against unemployment
141
Employment appropriations for public works schemes as a percentage
144
Unemployed recipients of unemployment benefits and participants in labour
151
Regional distribution of unemployed jobseekers persons employed with
152
Options for the 1990s
195
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