Biographical Dictionary of European Labor Leaders, Volume 1
Annotation In almost 1,500 biographical entries, this comprehensive, authoritative reference work covers the European labor movement from its origins to the present. The entries are selected from all countries of Europe, from Ireland in the west to Russia in the east and from Finland in the north to Greece in the south. Written by specialists in the labor history of the subject countries, the biographies focus on presenting basic factual information, leaving interpretation and argument to more detailed studies. Entries are arranged alphabetically, irrespective of the country of origin, emphasizing the Europeanness of the project in an era when barriers between European states are being rapidly demolished. A state-by-state breakdown of the entries provides an additional source of information. Labor is defined broadly to include trade unions, political parties, cooperatives, and anarcho-syndicalist groups, but not so broadly as to include state-controlled bodies that lack democratic procedures. A selective, but substantial bibliography provides a guide to further reading. Extensive cross-referencing and a substantial index illustrate the complex links, both intellectual and practical, between labor leaders of different states and regions.
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active anarchist April arrested Association attended August Austrian became Berlin Biographisches Biography Bolshevik Born brieﬂy Central Committee CFDT chairman co-founder co-operative Comintem Communist Party Confederation of Labor Congress Council councillor daughter December delegate Democratic Labor Party deputy died Dizionario Biograﬁco economic editor educated elected executive committee exile factory fascist February Federation ﬁgure ﬁrst ﬂed founded France German imprisoned industrial inﬂuence inﬂuential International Italian Socialist Party Italy January joined the Social journal July June labor movement Labour Party later leader League lntemational London Maitron March married MARTIN CLARK Menshevik Milan Minister Moscow National newspaper November October ofﬁce ofﬁcer ofﬁcial organisation organization Paris parliament parliamentary party’s People’s Petersburg Petrograd political president PSOE Reichstag resigned returned Revolution revolutionary RSDLP Russia Russian SDAP secretary September SFIO Social Democratic Party Socialist Party Soviet strike supported syndicalist trade union University USPD Vienna Women’s Workers