Modern Theories of Criminality

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Little, Brown,, 1911 - Crime - 249 pages
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Page ii - Associate Professor of Sociology in the University of Missouri. 4. The Individualization of Punishment. By RAYMOND SALEILLES, Professor of Comparative Law in the University of Paris. Translated from the Second French edition, by Mrs. RACHAEL SZOLD JASTROW, of Madison, Wis.
Page xi - ... representation of all these aspects. And as the several Continental countries have contributed in different ways to these various aspects, — France, Germany, Italy, most abundantly, but the others each its share, — the effort was made also to recognize the different contributions as far as feasible. The selection made by the Committee, then, represents its judgment of the works that are most useful and most instructive for the purpose of translation. It is its conviction that this Series,...
Page viii - In short, the individualization of disease, in cause and in treatment, is the dominant truth of modern medical science. The same truth is now known about crime; but the understanding and the application of it are just opening upon us. The old and still dominant thought is, as to cause, that a crime is caused by the inscrutable moral free will of the human being, doing or not doing the crime, just as it pleases...
Page ii - Missouri. 6. Penal Philosophy, By GABRIEL TARDE, Late Magistrate in Picardy, Professor of Modern Philosophy in the College of France, and Lecturer in the Paris School of Political Science. Translated from the Fourth French edition, by RAPELJE HOWELL, Esq., of the Bar of New York City.
Page ix - It need not be asserted for one moment that crime is a disease. But it does have natural causes, — that is, circumstances which work to produce it in a given case. And as to treatment, modern science recognizes that penal or remedial treatment cannot possibly be indiscriminate and machine-like, but must be adapted to the causes, and to the man as affected by those causes.
Page ii - Lecturer on Roman Law in Northwestern University and Dean of the Faculty of Law in the University of Louisiana. With an American Preface by the Author, and an Introduction by CHARLES A. ELLWOOD, Professor of Sociology in the University of Missouri.
Page viii - GENERAL INTRODUCTION TO THE MODERN CRIMINAL SCIENCE SERIES. AT the National Conference of Criminal Law and Criminology, held in Chicago, at Northwestern University, in June, 1909, the American Institute of Criminal Law and Criminology was organized; and, as a part of its work, the following resolution was passed: " Whereas, it is exceedingly desirable that important treatises on criminology in foreign languages be made readily accessible in the English language, Resolved, that the president appoint...
Page ii - JASTROW, Professor of Psychology in the University of Wisconsin. 3. Crime, Its Causes and Remedies. By CESARE LOMBROSO, late Professor of Psychiatry and Legal Medicine in the University of Turin, author of the " Criminal Man," etc., Founder and Editor of the " Archives of Psychiatry and Penal Sciences.
Page 34 - Through a very simple mathematical operation we can find a formula that enables us to foretell the number of crimes merely by consulting the thermometer and the hygrometer. Take the average temperature of the month and multiply it by seven, then add the average humidity, multiply again by two and you will obtain the number of homicides that are committed during the...
Page 21 - Crime is a phenomenon of complex origin, and the result of biological, physiological and social conditions. Certainly the dominant influence of this or that factor determines the bio-sociologic variety of the criminal, but there is no doubt that every crime and every criminal is always the product of the simultaneous action of biological, physiological and social conditions.

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