Welsh Castles: A Guide by Counties
The medieval castles of Wales are an imposing group of monuments. Although there are examples from the Norman period, the vast majority of the surviving castles date from the thirteenth century, a dramatic and turbulent period when Wales was nearly united under native rule before succumbing to Edward I's conquest: Caernarfon, Conway, Harlech and Beaumaris are justly famous, but equally fine examples can be found elsewhere, including Pembroke, Kidwelly and Chepstow in south Wales; native Welsh castles feature prominently. This book provides a brief account and complete gazetteer of every surviving castle in Wales, from the impressive earthworks raised by the Norman invaders to the castle-palaces of the later middle ages, and including the remarkable town fortifications of Wales; it is arranged by county for convenience of reference, and offers full Ordnance Survey details. Lavishly illustrated. ADRIAN PETTIFER gained his degree in ancient and medieval history from Birmingham University.
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Archaeologia Cambrensis arrow slits barons Beaumaris Braose Brecon building built Builth Cadw Caernarfon Caerphilly Cardiff Carew Castell Coch Castell Dinas Bran chamber chapel Chepstow concentric castle Conwy courtyard Criccieth defences Deheubarth Dinefwr ditch earl earthworks east Edward Edwardian castles Edwardian period enclosure English entrance flanking towers floor fortified Freely accessible front GAHW gate passage gate tower gatehouse gateway Glamorgan Gruffudd Guidebook Gwynedd hall Harlech Henry inner curtain inner ward James of St keep-gatehouse Kidwelly later latrine Llywelyn the Last Lord Rhys lordship machicolations Marcher masonry medieval motte motte-and-bailey mural towers narrow native Welsh oblong occupied outer curtain outer ward overlooking Owain Glyndwr parapet Pembroke Powis Castle Powys prince rebuilt Rhuddlan ringwork River Roger round keep royal ruinous ruins shell keep side siege Skenfrith solar square stone castle storeys survives tower house town wall Tretower Tudor turrets twin-towered U-shaped undercroft vaulted Wales wall-walk Welsh castles William