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Adam Smith agricultural amount Austrian school average Bank of England banking reserve bimetallism bullion capital Carmaux causes cent Charity Organization Societies circulation classes co-operative coinage commercial commodities considerable corn cost currency demand economic economists effect eight hours Eight Hours Day employers English exchange exports fact factory favour foreign France friendly societies gold Goschen Government important income increase industry interest issue labour land legislation less London matter ment method millions Miss Potter notes opinion organisation paper pension Political Economy population porters practical present principle production Professor Marshall profits proposed quantity question railway rent reserve result rupee saleableness scheme silver social society South Wales standard statistics supply taxation theory tion trade unions Trust United United Kingdom wages wealth workmen writer
Page 638 - The tax which each individual is bound to pay ought to be certain, and not arbitrary. The time of payment, the manner of payment, the quantity to be paid, ought all to be clear and plain to the contributor, and to every other person.
Page 444 - The profits of stock, it may perhaps be thought, are only a different name for the wages of a particular sort of labour, the labour of inspection and direction. They are, however, altogether different, are regulated by quite different principles, and bear no proportion to the quantity, the hardship, or the ingenuity of this supposed labour of inspection and direction. They are regulated altogether by the value of the stock employed, and are greater or smaller in proportion to the extent of this stock.
Page 694 - It predicts only such of the phenomena of the social state as take place in consequence of the pursuit of wealth. It makes entire abstraction of every other human passion or motive except those which may be regarded as perpetually antagonizing principles to the desire of wealth, namely, aversion to labour, and desire of the present enjoyment of costly indulgences.
Page 361 - ... the established policy of the United States to maintain the two metals on a parity with each other upon the present legal ratio, or such ratio as may be provided by law.
Page 445 - Besides possessing a little capital, he must be able to read, write, and account, and must be a tolerable judge too of perhaps fifty or sixty different sorts of goods, their prices, qualities, and the markets where they are to be had cheapest.
Page 445 - ... capital. Thirty or forty pounds a year cannot be considered as too great a recompense for the labour of a person so accomplished. Deduct this from the seemingly great profits of his capital, and little more will remain, perhaps, than the ordinary profits of stock. The greater part of the apparent profit is, in this case too, real wages.
Page 497 - I contend that from 1563 to 1824, a conspiracy, concocted by the law and carried out by parties interested in its success, was entered into, to cheat the English workman of his wages, to tie him to the soil, to deprive him of hope, and to degrade him into irremediable poverty.
Page 445 - The greater part of the apparent profit is real wages disguised in the garb of profit. In a small seaport town, a little grocer will make forty or fifty per cent upon a stock of a single hundred pounds, while a considerable wholesale merchant in the same place will scarce make eight or ten per cent upon a stock of ten thousand.
Page 443 - If the improvement which even triumphant military despotism has only retarded, not. stopped, shall continue its course, there can be little doubt that the status of hired laborers will gradually tend to confine itself to the description of workpeople whose low moral qualities render them unfit for anything more independent...
Page 537 - There are some important points in which the present crisis differs from those of 1847 and 1857. Those periods were periods of mercantile distress, but the vital consideration of banking credit does not appear to have been involved in them, as it is in the present crisis.