Exploring the Syntax-Semantics Interface
Cambridge University Press, Jul 7, 2005 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 310 pages
Language is a system of communication in which grammatical structures function to express meaning in context. While all languages can achieve the same basic communicative ends, they each use different means to achieve them, particularly in the divergent ways that syntax, semantics and pragmatics interact across languages. This book looks in detail at how structure, meaning, and communicative function interact in human languages. Working within the framework of Role and Reference Grammar (RRG), Van Valin proposes a set of rules, called the 'linking algorithm', which relates syntactic and semantic representations to each other, with discourse-pragmatics playing a role in the linking. Using this model, he discusses the full range of grammatical phenomena, including the structures of simple and complex sentences, verb and argument structure, voice, reflexivization and extraction restrictions. Clearly written and comprehensive, this book will be welcomed by all those working on the interface between syntax, semantics and pragmatics.
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Lexical representation and semantic roles
Syntactic relations and case marking
Linking syntactic and semantic representations
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accomplishment active actor adjunct algorithm appears argument position assignment believe CAUSE CAUSE BECOME chapter Chris clausal complex condition constituent constraint construction contrast controller coordination core argument determined discourse discussed element English example expressed fact Figure focus structure function given grammatical hand head Hence hierarchy illocutionary force illustrated interpretation intransitive involve juncture Lakhota languages lexical LEXICON linking logical structure macrorole marked matrix means modified noun NP NUC nucleus object occur operator passive PERIPHERY pivot possible potential focus domain pragmatic precore slot PRED predicate preposition presented principle privileged syntactic argument projection quantifier question ranking referent reflexive reflexivization relations relative clause represented respect restricted result role rules schema selection semantic representation sentence shows simple single specific step syntax Table templates tense theory topic transitive undergoer units Valin variable verb voice WH-question WH-word woman