Large Herbivore Ecology, Ecosystem Dynamics and Conservation
Kjell Danell, Roger Bergström, Patrick Duncan, John Pastor
Cambridge University Press, May 25, 2006 - Nature
Most large herbivores require some type of management within their habitats. Some populations of large herbivores are at the brink of extinction, some are under discussion for reintroduction, whilst others already occur in dense populations causing conflicts with other land use. Large herbivores are the major drivers for forming the shape and function of terrestrial ecosystems. This 2006 book addresses the scientifically based action plans to manage both the large herbivore populations and their habitats worldwide. It covers the processes by which large herbivores not only affect their environment (e.g. grazing) but are affected by it (e.g. nutrient cycling) and the management strategies required. Also discussed are new modeling techniques, which help assess integration processes in a landscape context, as well as assessing the consequences of new developments in the processes of conservation. This book will be essential reading for all involved in the management of both large herbivores and natural resources.
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Table 131 The relative magnitude of the impact of grazing
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abundance Acacia African American Naturalist animal areas arid behaviour Bergstro¨m biomass bison body boreal forests browsers browsing cattle changes climate competition Conservation Crawley damage Danell decrease density diet digestive disturbance diversity Ecology and Management ecosystems effects evolutionary feedbacks feeding ﬁre ﬁrst forage frugivores functional response grass grassland grazing grazing intensity grazing systems growth habitat herbivore populations Hobbs Illius impact increase inﬂuence intake rate interactions Journal of Ecology landscape large carnivores large herbivores large mammalian herbivores litter mammals McNaughton models moose muskox National Park nitrogen nitrogen cycling nutrient cycling Oecologia Oikos Olff Pastor patches patterns plant community plant species population dynamics predation prey processes production range rangelands red deer reduced regeneration reindeer roe deer savanna scales Scots pine season seed predation seedlings selection Serengeti shrub signiﬁcant soil structure studies sufﬁcient trampling tree species tropical ungulates urine variability vegetation white-tailed deer Wildlife winter woodland Yellowstone