A System of Greek Prosody and Metre: For the Use of Schools and Colleges, Together with the Choral Scanning of the Prometheus Vinctus of Ăschylus, and the Ajax and Œdipus Tyrannus of Sophocles. To which are Appended Remarks on Indo-Germanic Analogies
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accusative AEolic Greek anacrusis analogy anapaest Antispastic dimeter ANTISTRoPHE arsis Attic caesura case-sign Choriambic dimeter Compare compounds consonants corresponding cretic Dactylic dimeter dative declension dialects dimeter brachycatalectic dimeter catalectic dimeter hypercatalectic diphthong Dochmiac dimeter Dochmiac monometer Doctr dual eiš Elem Elmsley ending epic Epitritic Eurip feminine foot genitive German Glasg Glyconic Gothic Greek Hence Hermann Homer Iambic monometer iambic trimeter iambus Ionic language last syllable Latin latter Leipsic lengthened Lithuanian locative long syllable masculine measure Metr monometer monometer hypercatalectic neuter nominative Paroemiac penult plural poets pronominal pronoun remarks root Sanscrit Sanscrit and Zend short syllables short vowel singular Slavonic Soph spondee stem STRoPHE syzygy Tāv termination tetrameter third person tongue T÷v tragic writers tribrach Trochaic Trochaic dimeter Trochaic monometer trochee uÚv verbs verse vocative v÷v vowel words yāp yŘp Zend
Page 50 - IV. The natural place of the arsis is the long syllable of the foot, and hence, in the iambus, it falls on the second syllable, in the trochee on the first, while the spondee and tribrach leave its place alike uncertain. V. The fundamental foot of a verse, however,
Page 82 - system which Bentley first demonstrated, 3 is neither more nor less than continuous scansion, that is, scansion continued with strict exactness from the first syllable to the very last, but not including the last itself, as that syllable, and only that in the whole system, may be long or short indifferently. Thus,
Page 64 - form the first syllable of the fifth foot. 4 VII. Thus it appears that there are only three cases in which the fifth foot may be a spondee. 1. (By far the most frequent) when both syllables of the fifth foot are contained in the same word. 1.
Page 82 - overflow into the second syzygy, the first syzygy ending, after the penultimate syllables of each of these words. V. In this species of verse one hiatus alone is permitted, in the case of a final diphthong or long vowel so placed as to form a short syllable. The following instances may serve
Page 77 - VI. If the verse is concluded by one word forming the cretic termination (— ~ — ), or by more words than are to that amount united in meaning, so that after the sixth foot that portion of sense and sound is separately perceived, then the sixth foot is — ~ or ~ ~ ~ ; that is, it may not be -- or - ~ -. Thus,
Page 80 - 4. Very rarely does an anapaest or a spondee precede a dactyl in the same syzygy, especially in the last syzygy of the verse. Of the two following instances the first presents the more objectionable form ; the second, succeeded by a dactyl and spondee, can hardly be said to offend at all. 2 1.
Page 266 - si, mi of the singular ; and with this vowel the personal characteristic t also disappears, in accordance with a law of euphony, which forbids the union of two consonants at the end of a word. The Greek, which cannot endure a final r, goes on a step farther than the Sanscrit, and removes the
Page 59 - 1. Sandford's Greek Prosody, p. 280, seq. the first place is generally included in the same word. The only exceptions are where the line begins either with an article, or with a preposition followed immediately by its case ; as in
Page 242 - or ch) for the soft palatines and sibilants of the Sanscrit. It has the aspirate guttural ch instead of the aspirate sibilant sh. It has th in the place of ct and pt. IV. The Erse substitutes for the sibilants and soft palatines of the Sanscrit, gutturals, as the hard