The Jesuits: Cultures, Sciences, and the Arts, 1540-1773, Volume 1

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John W. O'Malley
University of Toronto Press, 1999 - Art - 772 pages
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In recent years scholars in a range of disciplines have begun to re-evaluate the history of the Society of Jesus. Approaching the subject with new questions and methods, they have reconsidered the importance of the Society in many sectors, including those related to the sciences and the arts. They have also looked at the Jesuits as emblematic of certain traits of early modern Europeans, especially as those Europeans interacted with 'the Other' in Asia and the Americas.

Originating in an international conference held at Boston College in 1997, the thirty-five essays here reflect this new historiographical trend. Focusing on the Old Society- the Society before its suppression in 1773 by papal edict- they examine the worldwide Jesuit undertaking in such fields as music, art, architecture, devotional writing, mathematics, physics, astronomy, natural history, public performance, and education, and they give special attention to the Jesuits' interaction with non-European cultures, in North and South America, China, India, and the Philippines. A picture emerges not only of the individual Jesuit, who might be missionary, diplomat, architect, and playwright over the course of his life in the Society, but also of the immense and many-faceted Jesuit enterprise as forming a kind of 'cultural ecosystem'.

The Jesuits of the Old Society liked to think they had a way of proceeding special to themselves. The question, Was there a Jesuit style, a Jesuit corporate culture? is the thread that runs through this interdisciplinary collection of studies.

 

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Contents

Where Does It Stand Today?
3
Two Farnese Cardinals and the Question of Jesuit Taste
134
at the Collegio Romano
148
From The Eyes of All to Usefull Quarries in philosophy
170
Music History in the Musurgia universalis of Athanasius Kircher
190
The Role of Travel in
212
Jesuits Jupiters Satellites and the Academie Royale des Sciences
241
The French Jesuits Missionary World
258
The Jesuits and the Indigenous Peoples of the Philippines
418
Berninis Image of the Ideal Christian Monarch
442
The Jesuit Contribution to Architectural
480
The Jesuit Aesthetics of Juan Bautista Villalpando
505
The De anima Commentaries
522
The Jesuits and Polish Sarmatianism
555
The Art of Salvation in Bavaria
568
A Jesuit Writer and Emblematist in Stuart England
600

Jesuit Art and Artists in Central Europe
274
The Role of the Jesuits in the Transfer of Secular Baroque Culture
305
Candide and a Boat
317
The Jesuits and Culture in the East
336
Jesuit Scholastic Psychology in
364
Jesuit Catechism
380
Roberto de Nobilis Dialogue on Eternal Life and
402
Jesuit Casuistry or Jesuit Spirituality? The Roots of SeventeenthCentury
627
The Use of Music by the Jesuits in the Conversion of
641
Jesuit Devotions and Retablos in New Spain
680
PART SEVEN
699
INDEX
717
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About the author (1999)

JOHN W. O'MALLEY, S.J., is professor in the Department of Church History at the Weston Jesuit School of Theology. Gauvin Alexander Bailey is an associate Professor in the Department of Visual and Performing Arts at Clark University. STEVEN J. HARRIS is professor in the Jesuit Institute, Boston College.

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