Historical Dictionary of Russian and Soviet Intelligence

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Scarecrow Press, Sep 5, 2006 - Political Science - 408 pages
At its peak, the KGB (Komitet Gosudarstvennoy Bezopasnosti) was the largest secret police and espionage organization in the world. It became so influential in Soviet politics that several of its directors moved on to become premiers of the Soviet Union. In fact, Russian president Vladimir V. Putin is a former head of the KGB. The GRU (Glavnoye Razvedyvatelnoe Upravlenie) is the principal intelligence unit of the Russian armed forces, having been established in 1920 by Leon Trotsky during the Russian civil war. The GRU was the first subordinate to the KGB, and while the KGB broke up with the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, the GRU remains intact, cohesive, highly efficient, and with far greater resources than its civilian counterparts. These are just two of the long list of Russian and Soviet intelligence agencies that are covered in the Historical Dictionary of Russian and Soviet Intelligence. Through a list of acronyms and abbreviations, a chronology, an introductory essay, a bibliography, and hundreds of cross-referenced dictionary entries on organizations like the Oprichnina, Okhrana, GPU, NKVD, KGB, GRU, Smersh, SVR, and FSB, a clear picture of the history of this subject is presented. Entries also cover Soviet and Russian leaders, leading intelligence and security officers, the Lenin and Stalin purges, the Gulag, and noted espionage cases.
 

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Contents

The Dictionary
1
The Evolution of Soviet State Security 19171991
305
KGB Chairs 19171991
307
Russian Foreign Intelligence Organizations 1920
309
Chiefs of Soviet and Russian Foreign Intelligence 1920
311
Russian Security Services 1991
313
Heads of Military Intelligence GRU 1918
315
Venona Code Names and Encryption
317
Loss of Life in the Stalin Era
321
Agents and Programs Betrayed by Aldrich Ames Robert Hanssen and Edward Lee Howard
325
Maskirovka Deception on Nuclear Weapons Programs
327
Bibliography
329
About the Author
365
Copyright

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About the author (2006)

Robert W. Pringle is a veteran of 25 years service with the Department of State and the Central Intelligence Agency. From 1998 to 2004 Pringle taught history and political science courses at the University of Kentucky's Patterson School of Diplomacy and International Commerce.

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