The Classical Heritage in Islam

Front Cover
University of California Press, Jan 1, 1975 - History - 298 pages
The works and ideas of classical antiquity had an enormous influence on Islam, not only in its philosophy, science and medicine but also in its religious disciplines. "The Classical Heritage in Islam" presents a collection of texts which reveal the extent and character of Muslim acquaintance with Hellenistic civilization and demonstrate the ways that Greek heritage influenced later Muslim thought.
 

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Contents

INTRODUCTION
1
WHAT WAS TRANSLATED?
9
TRANSLATION TECHNIQUE
15
Manuscripts and textual criticism
20
Biographies of Greek scholars
28
The history of scholarship among the Greeks
38
A characterization of the Byzantines
44
THE CLASSIFICATION OF
52
NATURAL SCIENCE
162
The problem of movement
164
Views on the vacuum
172
MEDICINE
182
Anatomy
192
Veterinary medicine
204
Even and odd numbers
210
The earth does not move
216

Islam and the sciences
63
The scientific method of research
70
The use of logic
78
Eudaimonia as the goal of ethics
84
Excerpts from a general survey of ethics
94
The nature of pleasure
103
Professional ethics
108
The Islamic ideal state
114
METAPHYSICS
144
The First Cause
151
MUSICOLOGY
224
MECHANICS
231
The hydraulic organ
235
The influence of the stars on the character of the Eastern
243
Polemo on physiognomy
251
Greek wisdom in Arabic verses
261
Classical jokes
263
INDEX
281
Copyright

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