Jews in Israel: Contemporary Social and Cultural Patterns

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UPNE, 2004 - Social Science - 504 pages
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The State of Israel, established over fifty years ago, has long passed the initial stages of nation-building and has become, in many respects, a Western, technological society. Built, in large measure, by ideologically driven Jewish settlement in Eretz Israel (Palestine) in the nineteenth century, early statehood was deeply influenced by the Holocaust, by war and ongoing military struggle with neighboring countries, and by the necessity of absorbing unprecedented numbers of new immigrants with diverse backgrounds. While these factors served to unify Jewish society in Israel for much of its history, the situation has changed in recent years.

Partly as a result of the establishment of formal relations with a number of major Arab neighboring states and the ongoing search for reconciliation with the Palestinian Arabs--which has in recent years flared up yet again--the strengthened self-assurance of Israel's long-term existence has shifted the focus of Israeli public discourse to domestic matters. In addition, Israel has experienced significant socioeconomic development, and along with it, a pattern of individualism characteristic of other advanced Western societies. American influence, particularly consumerism, has also penetrated Israeli social structure. Today Israel is a society in transition, in which different sets of values can increase group tensions and challenge social cohesion.

A multi-authored collection of twenty essays, Jews in Israel is the first volume to systematically explore the challenges and contradictions of Israel as a modern, heterogeneous society. Focusing on the behaviors of people, rather than institutions and organizations, its approach is largely interdisciplinary, with an overriding sociological perspective.

The volume begins with two broadly conceived essays--a social history of Jews in Israel over the last century, and a survey of major demographic trends among Israelis in the 1990s. Topics of other essays include the processes of absorption and the integration of new immigrants such as Soviet and Ethiopian Jews, the kibbutz, the significance of gender in an evolving society, and the influence of major religious political parties, education, national ideology, literature, religious beliefs, and the Holocaust and other paradigms of Jewish identity, and the relationship between Israelis and Diaspora Jews. In their conclusion, the editors address a number of additional challenges facing Israeli Jewry in the twenty-first century, with special emphasis on the tension between the desire to maintain the unique character of the Jewish state, on the one hand, and the values of a modern democratic society, on the other.
 

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Contents

Sergio DellaPergola
20
Sammy Smooha
47
Elazar Leshem and Moshe Sicron
81
Steven Kaplan and Hagar Salamon
118
Eliezer BenRafael and Menachem Topel
151
Asher Arian
174
Hanna Herzog
195
Chaim I Waxman
221
Elan Ezrachi
315
Gabriel BenDor and Ami Pedahzur
331
Ephraim YuchtmanYaar and Zeev Shavit
345
Yoram Bilu
371
Dalia Ofer
394
Gabriel Sheffer
421
Steven Gold
445
Uzi Rebhun and Chaim I Waxman
467

Eliezer Schweid
243
Shlomit Levy Hanna Levinsohn and Elihu Katz
265
Ephraim Tabory
285
List of Contributors
481
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About the author (2004)

UZI REBHUN is Lecturer at The A. Harman Institute of Contemporary Jewry, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem. CHAIM I. WAXMAN is Professor of Sociology and Jewish Studies, Rutgers University, and co-editor of Jews in America (UPNE, 1999).

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