Jews in Israel: Contemporary Social and Cultural Patterns
The State of Israel, established over fifty years ago, has long passed the initial stages of nation-building and has become, in many respects, a Western, technological society. Built, in large measure, by ideologically driven Jewish settlement in Eretz Israel (Palestine) in the nineteenth century, early statehood was deeply influenced by the Holocaust, by war and ongoing military struggle with neighboring countries, and by the necessity of absorbing unprecedented numbers of new immigrants with diverse backgrounds. While these factors served to unify Jewish society in Israel for much of its history, the situation has changed in recent years.
Partly as a result of the establishment of formal relations with a number of major Arab neighboring states and the ongoing search for reconciliation with the Palestinian Arabs--which has in recent years flared up yet again--the strengthened self-assurance of Israel's long-term existence has shifted the focus of Israeli public discourse to domestic matters. In addition, Israel has experienced significant socioeconomic development, and along with it, a pattern of individualism characteristic of other advanced Western societies. American influence, particularly consumerism, has also penetrated Israeli social structure. Today Israel is a society in transition, in which different sets of values can increase group tensions and challenge social cohesion.
A multi-authored collection of twenty essays, Jews in Israel is the first volume to systematically explore the challenges and contradictions of Israel as a modern, heterogeneous society. Focusing on the behaviors of people, rather than institutions and organizations, its approach is largely interdisciplinary, with an overriding sociological perspective.
The volume begins with two broadly conceived essays--a social history of Jews in Israel over the last century, and a survey of major demographic trends among Israelis in the 1990s. Topics of other essays include the processes of absorption and the integration of new immigrants such as Soviet and Ethiopian Jews, the kibbutz, the significance of gender in an evolving society, and the influence of major religious political parties, education, national ideology, literature, religious beliefs, and the Holocaust and other paradigms of Jewish identity, and the relationship between Israelis and Diaspora Jews. In their conclusion, the editors address a number of additional challenges facing Israeli Jewry in the twenty-first century, with special emphasis on the tension between the desire to maintain the unique character of the Jewish state, on the one hand, and the values of a modern democratic society, on the other.
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Chaim I Waxman
Gabriel BenDor and Ami Pedahzur
Ephraim YuchtmanYaar and Zeev Shavit
Uzi Rebhun and Chaim I Waxman
Shlomit Levy Hanna Levinsohn and Elihu Katz
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absorption Arab citizens Ashkenazim attitudes Aviv Beta Israel Center ceremony changes commemoration demographic Diaspora economic elections emigration establishment Ethiopian immigrants Ethiopian Jews ethnic FSU immigrants gendered groups halakha haredi Hebrew Holocaust homelands ideology immigration to Israel individual Institute integration Israeli Arabs Israeli culture Israeli Jews Israeli society Israeli-born issues Jerusalem Jewish community Jewish Diaspora Jewish identity Jewish population Jewry Judaism kibbutz kibbutzim Knesset Labor large numbers Law of Return Leshem Likud Lissak major memory ment migration Mizrahim modern non-Orthodox nonreligious observance organizations origin Orthodox Palestine Palestinian patterns percent political Press prime minister programs Rabbi rael raeli relations religion religious parties religious Zionist role sector secular Sephardim settlement Shabbat Shas social Soviet status synagogue technocrats Tel Aviv tion traditional trend ultra-Orthodox University vote Western women Yishuv youth Zionist