Mission of the North American People, Geographical, Social, and Political

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J.B. Lippincott & Company, 1874 - Pacific railroads - 223 pages
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Page 118 - Thus, then, overland sweeps this tidal wave of population, absorbing in its thundering march the glebe, the savages, and the wild beasts of the wilderness; scaling the mountains, and debouching down upon the seaboard. Upon the high Atlantic sea-coast, the pioneer force has thrown itself into ships, and found in the ocean fisheries food for its creative genius.
Page 67 - This is the geographical centre at once of the North American Continent, and of the Basin of the Mississippi. The circle described from this centre with a radius to San Francisco will pass through Vancouver on the Columbia, the port of Severn river on Hudson's Bay, through Quebec, through Boston, through Havana, Vera Cruz, and the city of Mexico. With a radius to the 49th°, a circle will pass through Mobile, New Orleans, and Matagorda. This spot is, therefore, the geographical centre of the North...
Page 139 - From the campaigns of war grew settlements of peace, and populous states displaced the wilderness. Another war came, with another generation; armies penetrated Michigan, upper Illinois and into Mississippi. The great Mississippi, crossed at many points, ceased to be a barrier, and the steamboat appeared, plowing its yellow flow. Five great states and 2,000,000 of people emblazon its western bank. "And now again have come another generation and another war. Your little armies have scaled the eternal...
Page 73 - bottoms" of the rivers are very broad and level, having only a few inches of elevation above the waters, which descend by a rapid and even current. They may be easily and cheaply saturated by all the various systems of artificial irrigation, azequias, artesian wells, or floo .1iiig by machinery.
Page 82 - The formation of light clouds upon the crest of the Sierras is incessant. The meridian sun retains its vitalizing heat around the year ; at midnight prevails a corresponding tonic coolness. The clouds are wafted away by the steady atmospheric currents coming from the west. They rarely interrupt the sunshine, but refracting his rays, imbue the canopy with a shining silver light, at once intense and brilliant. The atmosphere and climate are essentially continental, being uninterruptedly salubrious,...
Page 80 - an immense elliptical bowl, the bed of a primeval sea which has been drained ; its bottom, smooth as a water surface, and concave, is 9400 square miles in area. It is watered by 35 mountain streams, which, descending from the encircling crests of snow, converge 19 into the San Luis Lake, the rest into the Rio del Norte.
Page 171 - Committee, after consultation, reported the following resolutions, which were unanimously adopted : — 1. Resolved, That we heartily and zealously approve of, and concur in, the proceeding of the " National Railroad Convention," held at St Louis on the 15th ultimo.
Page 149 - In geography the antithesis of the old world, in society we are and will be the reverse. Our North America will rapidly accumulate a population equalling that of the rest of the world combined : a people one and indivisible, identical in manners, language, customs, and impulses : preserving the same civilization, the same religion ; imbued with the same opinions, and having the same political liberties.
Page 73 - Plaster and lime, limestone, freestone, clay, and sand, exist within the area of almost every acre. The large and economical adobe brick, hardened in the sun and without fire, supersedes other materials for walls and fences in this dry atmosphere, and, as in Syria and Egypt, resists decay for centuries. The dwellings thus constructed are most healthy, being impervious to heat, cold, damp, and wind. The climate of the Great Plains is favorable to health, longevity, intellectual and physical development,...
Page 82 - ... rivulets. Among the forests alternate mountain meadows of luxuriant and nutritious grasses. The ascending clouds, rarely condensed, furnish little irrigation at the depressed elevation of the plains, which are destitute of timber, but clothed in grass. These delicate grasses, growing rapidly during the annual melting of the snows, cure into hay as the aridity of the atmosphere returns.

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