A Grammar of the Arabic Language, Volume 2

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Williams and Norgate, 1862 - Arabic language
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Page 2 - Indefinite is also employed to indicate an act, the occurrence of which is so certain, that it may be described as having already taken place : as...
Page 14 - It is not the desire of the unbelievers, either among those unto whom the scriptures have been given, or among the idolaters, that any good should be sent down unto you from your LORD : but GOD will appropriate his mercy unto whom he pleaseth ; for GOD is exceeding beneficent. Whatever verse we shall abrogate, or cause thee to forget, we will bring a better than it, or one like unto it. Dost thou not know that God is almighty...
Page 94 - Jt mostly expresses concrete relations, local or temporal, whilst J generally .indicates abstract or ideal relations. The principal use of J is to show the passing on of the action to a more distant object, and hence it corresponds to the Latin or German dative; but it may also express the relation of the action to a nearer object, and so stand in place of the accusative (compare . 29 — 34). Hence $ indicates: 1) The simple relation of an act to the more distant object; as: J &!:, he gave...
Page 21 - By o, when this particle introduces a clause that expresses the result or effect of a preceding clause. The preceding clause must contain an imperative (affirmative or negative), or words equivalent in meaning to an imperative; or else it must express a wish or hope, or ask a question; or, finally, be a negative clause. The signification of o in all these cases is equivalent to that of <5I^.
Page 1 - ... facts of the case, various kinds of evils will result (lit. have resulted). vi. THE PRESENT PEBFECT TENSE. 454. The Present Perfect (or Past Proximate) Tense indicates an act which at the moment of speaking has been already completed, and remains in a state of completion : eg ^ \Jf jft$i\& tj 'he is gone to Kanhpur (Cawnpore).
Page 1 - A past act, of which it can be said that it often took place or still takes place — a use of the perfect which is common in proverbial expressions, and which the Greek aorist also has; as: 8l:pl ^'\> historians say (have handed ** 9 m*->*>* ^ ^s. it down by oral tradition from one to another); Jl.jJLiJ! isii'l, commentators are agreed (have agreed and still agree).
Page 128 - ... thing, though it be good for you, and haply ye love a thing though it be bad for you: And God knoweth; but ye, ye know not. They will ask thee concerning war in the sacred month. Say: The act of fighting therein is a grave crime: but the act of turning others aside from the path of God, and unbelief in him, and to prevent access to the sacred Mosque, and to drive out his people, is worse in the sight of God; and civil strife is worse than bloodshed. But they will not cease to war against you...
Page 176 - ... total of words) consists necessarily of two principal parts, the subject, or that of which something is asserted, and the predicate, or that which is asserted of the subject. 261. The subject of a sentence is either a noun (substantive, or adjective used as a substantive, pronoun, or infinitive), or a pronoun implied in the verb ; the predicate is either a verb alone, or a verb with an adjective or substantive annexed as a predicative noun, by which the subject is denned and described : eg PREDICATE....
Page 251 - According to ancient rule, the two hemistichs of the first verse of a kasidah must rhyme with one another, and the same rhyme must be repeated at the end of every verse throughout the whole poem. 594. The essential part of the rhyme is the letter called al rawi, j^jjjl, which remains the same throughout the entire poem.
Page 29 - This government is not restricted to the finite tenses of the verb, but extends to the nomen verbi or aclionis, the nomina agentis and patientis, and other verbal substantives and adjectives, whenever and in so far as these different kinds of nouns contain somewhat of the conception or nature of the verb. — The verb, too, need not necessarily be expressed; it may be understood, or it may lie concealed, as it were, in a particle that has

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