Letters, and Panegyricus: Letters, Books VIII-X, and Panegyricus
The Younger Pliny was born in 61 or 62 CE, the son of Lucius Caecilius of Comum (Como) and the Elder Pliny's sister. He was educated at home and then in Rome under Quintilian. He was at Misenum at the time of the eruption of Vesuvius in 79 (described in two famous letters) when the Elder Pliny died.
Pliny started his career at the Roman bar at the age of eighteen. He moved through the regular offices in a senator's career, held two treasury appointments and a priesthood, and was consul in September and October 100. On this occasion he delivered the speech of thanks to the Emperor Trajan which he afterwards expanded and published as the Panegyricus. After his consulship he returned to advocacy in the court and Senate, and was also president of the Tiber Conservancy Board. His hopes of retirement were cut short when he was chosen by Trajan to go out to the province of Bithynia and Pontus on a special commission as the Emperor's direct representative. He is known to have been there two years, and is presumed to have died there before the end of 113. Book X of the Letters contains his correspondence with Trajan during this period, and includes letters about the early Christians.
Pliny's Letters are important as a social document of his times. They tell us about the man himself and his wide interests, and about his many friends, including Tacitus, Martial and Suetonius. Pliny has a gift for description and a versatile prose style, and more than any of his contemporaries he gives an unprejudiced picture of Rome as he knew it.
The Loeb Classical Library edition of Pliny the Younger is in two volumes; the first contains Books I–VII of his Letters and an Introduction.>
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XVIII C. Plinius Rufino Suo S. 1 Falsum est nimirum quod creditur vulgo, testa-
menta hominum speculum esse morum, cum Domitius Tullus longe melior
adparuerit morte quam vita. 2 Nam cum se captandum praebuisset, reliquit filiam
heredem, quae illi cum fratre communis, quia genitam fratre adoptaverat.
Prosecutus est nepotes pluri- mis iucundissimisque legatis, prosecutus etiam
prone- ptem. In summa omnia pietate plenissima ac tanto 3 magis inexspectata
sunt. Ergo varii tota ...
... ad purgationes cloacarum, item munitiones viarum et vicorum dari. XXXIII C.
Plinius Traiano Imperatori 1 Cum diversam partem provinciae circumirem,
Nicomediae vastissimum incendium multas privato- rum domos et duo publica
opera, quamquam via 2 interiacente, Gerusian et Iseon absumpsit. Est autem
latius sparsum, primum violentia venti, deinde inertia hominum quos satis constat
otiosos et immobiles tanti mali spectatores perstitisse; et alioqui nullus usquam in
publico sipo, ...
An stupro- rum sibi incestarumque noctium conscii, auspicia polluere
sacratumque campum nefario auderent 8 contaminare vestigio? Non adeo deos
hominesque contempserant, ut in illa spaciosissima sede hominum deorumque
coniectos in se oculos ferre ac perpeti possent. Tibi contra et moderatio tua suasit
et sanctitas, ut te et religioni deorum et iudiciis hominum exhiberes. 64. Alii
consulatum ante quam acciperent, tu et dum accipis meruisti. Peracta erant
sollemnia comitiorum, ...