France and the Cult of the Sacred Heart: An Epic Tale for Modern Times

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University of California Press, Sep 20, 2000 - History - 323 pages
In a richly layered and beautifully illustrated narrative, Raymond Jonas tells the fascinating and surprisingly little-known story of the Sacré-Coeur, or Sacred Heart. The highest point in Paris and a celebrated tourist destination, the white-domed basilica of Sacré-Coeur on Montmartre is a key monument both to French Catholicism and to French national identity. Jonas masterfully reconstructs the history of the devotion responsible for the basilica, beginning with the apparition of the Sacred Heart to Marguerite Marie Alacoque in the seventeenth century, through the French Revolution and its aftermath, to the construction of the monumental church that has loomed over Paris since the end of the nineteenth century.

Jonas focuses on key moments in the development of the cult: the founding apparition, its invocation during the plague of Marseilles, its adaptation as a royalist symbol during the French Revolution, and its elevation to a central position in Catholic devotional and political life in the crisis surrounding the Franco-Prussian War. He draws on a wealth of archival sources to produce a learned yet accessible narrative that encompasses a remarkable sweep of French politics, history, architecture, and art.
 

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Contents

THE SACRED HEART VISITS THE CHAROLLAIS
9
MARSEILLE AND THE SACRED HEART
34
THE FRENCH REVOLUTION CATHOLIC ANXIETIES AND THE SACRED HEART
54
THE SACRED HEART AND THE COUNTERREVOLUTION IN THE VENDÉE
91
THE SACRED HEART AND THE RETURN OF KINGS
118
ROME WAR AND THE ONSET OF THE TERRIBLE YEAR
147
BUILDING THE CHURCH OF THE NATIONAL VOW
177
A MODERN MAGDALENE SEEKS FORGIVENESS
198
A VISION CAPTURED IN MOSAIC
224
NOTES
245
BIBLIOGRAPHY
277
INDEX
303
Copyright

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About the author (2000)

Raymond Jonas, Professor of History at the University of Washington, is the author of France and the Cult of the Sacred Heart: An Epic Tale for Modern Times (California, 2000), Industry and Politics in Rural France: Peasants of the Isère, 1870-1914 (1994), and Le Sacré-Coeur; histoire d'une dévotion du XVIe au XXe siècle (2004).

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