Interpreting Archaeology: Finding Meaning in the Past
Ian Hodder, Michael Shanks
Psychology Press, 1997 - Social Science - 275 pages
There has been a profound shift in the direction of archaeological activity in the last fifteen years, a change reflected in this volume. While excavation remains a professional priority, the interpretation of archaeological evidence is now attracting increasing critical study. In part this is stemmed from the public demand for explanation of archaeological evidence, which moves beyond the more restricted academic debate among archaeologists. But it also follows from a desire among archaeologists to come to terms with their own subjective approaches to the material they study, and a recognition of how past researchers have also imposed their own value systems on the evidence which they presented.
This volume provides a forum for debate between varied approaches to the past from leading archaeologists in Europe, North America, Asia and Australasia. It addresses the philosophical issues involved in interpretation, and the origins of meaning in the evolution and emergence of 'mind' in early hominids. It covers the ways in which material culture is understood and presented in museums, and how the nature of history is itself in flux.
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some themes and questions
some philosophical issues
poststructuralism and beyond
The origins of meaning
The research cone
Cognitive and behavioural complexity in nonhuman primates
710 The BannekerDouglass Museum exhibit
the rhetoric of heritage claims
The nature of history
the Annales school
Hayden Whites metahistorical tropes
The tropes applied to the south Scandinavian Neolithic
An aryballos perfume jar produced in Korinth in the seventh century BC
Palaeoindians and women
Alliance structure and kinship in primates
Language and thought in evolutionary perspective
Hominid encephalisation quotients through time 4 Genetic diversity and linguistic diversity
The relationship between archaeology and evolutionary biology
Interpretation in the Palaeolithic
Interpretation writing and presenting the past
Can an AfricanAmerican historical archaeology be an alternative voice?
Steel comb excavated at Gotts Court
Other editions - View all
action African-American agency Annales Annales school Annapolis anthropology approach archae archaeological record argued artefacts aspects Banneker-Douglass Museum behaviour characterised chimpanzees classical archaeology cognitive concept concerned considered constituted construction contemporary context countryside critical critique discipline discourse discussion evolutionary example excavation existence experience Gott's Court heritage hermeneutic historians Hodder hominids human Ian Hodder ideas ideology individual interest involved issues knowledge language material culture metaphor metonymy Michael Shanks museum narrative nature Neolithic non-human primates notion object Palaeoindian Palaeolithic particular past philosophy physical political postmodern postpositivist postprocessual archaeology poststructuralism present primates problem processual archaeology production question reality recognise refers relationship rhetoric Ricoeur Saebert scientific sense Shanks and Tilley significant simply social practice society spatial specific strategies structure structure and agency style suggests Sutton Hoo symbolic temporal theoretical theory things tradition understanding visibility writing