Trade, ideology, and urbanization: South India 300 BC to AD 1300
This book studies two relatively unknown phases of urbanization in South India in the early historical (300 BC - AD 300) and the early medieval (AD 600-1300) periods. The author analyses the reasons for urbanization not merely in terms of the economy and demography but also Cola imperialism and the bhakt ideology in this process.
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Evidence from Early Tamil Texts
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activities agrarian agricultural archaeological areas Arikamedu bhakti brahmadeya brdhmanas Buddhist Cera Champakalakshmi Chingleput Cittirameli coast coastal Coimbatore coins Coja Cola period commercial Delhi dominance early Cola early historical early medieval economic eleventh century emergence evidence exchange Five Hundred gold groups important inscriptions itinerant merchant Jain Kanclpuram Karnataka Kaveri Kerala Kongu Korkai kottams Kudamukku Kulottunga Kumbhakonam land late Cola located Madras Madurai major Manigramam Manimekalai marutam mathas medieval South India merchant bodies merchant guilds middle Cola Nagappattinam nagaram nddu Nilakanta Sastri ninth century Palaiyarai Pallava Pandya pattinam Periplus political ports Pudukkottai Puhar Purananuru Rajaraja Rajendra Ramanathapuram references religious Roman royal rt rt rulers Saiva Sangam settlements shrine Silappadikdram Siva social society South Arcot South India Sri Lanka Subbarayalu Tamil Nadu Tamilakam taniyur Tanjavur temple textiles thirteenth century tion Tiruchirapalli Tirunelveli Tondaimandalam towns trade Tripurantaka twelfth century Uraiyur urban centres Vaisnava Visnu weavers