The Russians on the Amur: Its Discovery, Conquest, and Colonization, with a Description of the Country, Its Inhabitants, Productions, and Commercial Capabilities; and Personal Accounts of Russian Travellers
Trübner and Company, 1861 - Amur River Valley (China and R.S.F.S.R.) - 467 pages
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Aigun Albazin Amgun Argun arrived ascended barges birch boats Bureya mountains Cape Castries Bay China Chinese coast Cossacks covered crossed Daurians descended the Amur distance Dzeya Eastern Siberia favour feet high fish five foliferous trees forests forty frontier garrison Gilyaks ginseng Goldi grass guns horses hundred Imma inhabitants Irkutsk islands journey Khabarof Kiakhta Kidzi Lake larch latter left bank Liman Lower Amur Manchu Manchuria Mandarins Manyargs Mariinsk miles mouth Muravief natives navigation Nerchinsk Nikolayevsk oaks Olga Bay Orochi Oronchons Peking Port Imperial prairie right bank river rivulet Russian sables Sakhalin Sansin scarcely Schrenck sea of Okhotsk sent settlements Shilka Siberia Silimji slopes snow station steamer Strelka summer Sungari Tatar thick town Transbaikal treaty treaty of Nerchinsk tribes tributary tribute trunk Tunguzians Upper Amur Usuri valley versts vessels village Voivod whilst willows winds winter wood Yakutsk yards Yeniseisk
Page 62 - In order to suppress the insolence of certain scoundrels, who cross the frontier to hunt, plunder, and kill, and who give rise to much trouble and disturbance ; to determine clearly and distinctly the boundaries between the empires of China and Russia ; and lastly, to re-establish peace and good understanding for the future, " The following articles are, by mutual consent, agreed upon : — • "1.
Page 87 - My beard and my eyes induced my host first to imagine that I was one of his co-religionists. His conjectures vanished completely before a plate of pork, which he saw me eat with a great relish. But what was his surprise, when he heard me relate the history of the creation ; the fall of our first parents ; the travels of Abraham ; etc. " The Mohammedans of San-sim are numerous, and form about one-third of the population; they owt a Mosque, which is guarded by a kind of Marabut, called Lao-she-fu.
Page 85 - Yes," answered three or four of the best informed ; " we believe in hell, like the bonzes of San-sim." ' " Have you any means of escaping it ? " ' " We have never reflected on that point." ' " Well, then," I replied, " I have an infallible secret, by means of which you can become more powerful than all the evil spirits, and go straight to heaven." ' The first secret gained credence for the second. Thus Divine Providence disposes of all things. ' The next day, three long-beards of the village made...
Page 175 - Instead of mountains enclosing the valley of the river there stretches before the eye an extensive plain, with no visible limit on the left hand, and bounded on the right by low isolated ranges of hills.
Page 79 - San-sin (in the Manchu language Ilamhola), a small village situated on the right bank of the Sungari, twenty-four leagues from its confluence with the Amur. The forests of oaks, elms, and fir-trees, which bound the horizon on all sides, the tall, thick grass, which oftentimes reached above our heads, were convincing proofs of fertility of the soil, as yet untouched by the hand of man.
Page 85 - This unknown," said they among themselves, " has secrets, which other men have not ; and nevertheless he is not a bad man." ' In the evening, at supper, there was much talk about the wonderful capture I had made. They wished to know my secret. Instead of an answer, I contented myself with one single question : ' "Do you believe in hell ?" ' " Yes," answered three or four of the best informed ; " we believe in hell, like the bonzes of San-sim.
Page 62 - Tatars, and enters the Amur ; and the long chain of mountains extending from the sources of the Kerbechi to the Eastern Ocean. The rivers, or rivulets, which flow from the southern slope of these mountains and enter the Amur, as well as all territories to the south of these mountains will thus belong to China. " The territories, rivers, and rivulets, to the north of...
Page 25 - The natives appear to have been exposed to all sorts of extortion; tribute was levied to an unlimited extent without any commensurate good being conferred upon the natives. No settlements of peasants or tillers of the soil were founded ; the resources of the country were soon exhausted by perpetual foraging expeditions of Russian adventurers. When the Russians first arrived on the Amur, the natives cultivated fields and kept cattle.
Page 54 - Siberia (Sokha) do to our hunters on the Amur, and particularly to the Ducheri. My subjects have never provoked yours, nor done them any injury ; yet the people at Albazin, armed with cannons, guns, and other firearms, have frequently attacked my people, who had no firearms, and were peaceably hunting. Moreover, they...
Page 106 - Hutong, we were about to approach, was the one near which M. de la Bruniere had been murdered, and that eight barges were lying in wait for us a little above it to make us share the same lot. The whole of my men refused to go any further. I sought an interpreter who understood the language of the Ki-li-mi, and I sent him forward with three of my companions to ascertain what was going on, and collect precise information regarding the melancholy fate of my former fellow-labourer. They were gone six...