The Five Civilized Tribes: Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, Seminole

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University of Oklahoma Press, 1989 - Social Science - 455 pages

Side by side with the westward drift of white Americans in the 1830's was the forced migration of the Five Civilized Tribes from Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, and Florida. Both groups were deployed against the tribes of the prairies, both breaking the soil of the undeveloped hinterland. Both were striving in the years before the Civil War to found schools, churches, and towns, as well as to preserve orderly development through government and laws.

In this book Grant Foreman brings to light the singular effect the westward movement of Indians had in the cultivation and settlement of the Trans-Mississippi region. It shows the Indian genius at its best and conveys the importance of the Cherokees, Chickasaws, Choctaws, Creeks, and Seminoles to the nascent culture of the plains. Their achievements between 1830 and 1860 were of vast importance in the making of America.

 

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This elemental work, first published in 1932, had been for years the authoritative account of the Trail of Tears. But 1932 was a high-point of Progressivism in American history; right on the eve of ... Read full review

Contents

Book ONE Choctaw
13
Problems of a New Home
15
Schools and Missionaries
35
Signs of Improvement 5 I
51
Institutions Take Form
60
Threat of Civil Disorder
77
Book Two Chickasaw
95
Chickasaw Description
97
Emigration Resumed
247
Intrigues of Wild Cat
255
Justice to the Indians
267
Book Five Cherokee
279
Readjustment
281
The Act of Union
296
John Howard Paynes Description 3 II
311
Civil Disorders
321

Difficulties With Wild Indians
109
Union With Choctaw Dissolved I2 I
121
Relations With the Military
133
Book THREE Creek
145
X Victims of Contractors
147
Efforts to Unite the Tribe
163
Hostility to the Missionaries
173
Progress Notes
182
Accounts by Observers
194
Laws and Customs
205
XVI Contemporary Descriptions
223
Oppose Union With Creeks
236
The Treaty of 1846
338
XXVI Advancement
352
Cherokee People at Home
362
Sequoyah and His Alphabet
371
The Cold Water Army
385
Gossip From the Cherokee Advocate
392
Approaching the Civil War
407
XXXII Reconstruction Achieved 42 I
421
Bibliography
427
Index
433
Copyright

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About the author (1989)

Grant Foreman (1869-1953), known as the dean of American Indian historians, was the author of Indian Removal, The Five Civilized Tribes , and Sequoyah and editor of Ethan Allen Hitchcock?s Traveler in Indian Territo ry, all published by the University of Oklahoma Press.

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