The Black Stork: Eugenics and the Death of "Defective" Babies in American Medicine and Motion Pictures since 1915
In the late 1910s Dr. Harry J. Haiselden, a prominent Chicago surgeon, electrified the nation by allowing the deaths of at least six infants he diagnosed as "defectives". He displayed the dying infants to journalists, wrote about them for the Hearst newspapers, and starred in a feature film about his crusade. Prominent Americans from Clarence Darrow to Helen Keller rallied to his support. Martin Pernick tells this captivating story--uncovering forgotten sources and long-lost motion pictures--in order to show how efforts to improve human heredity (eugenics) became linked with mercy killing, as well as with race, class, gender and ethnicity. It documents the impact of cultural values on science along with the way scientific claims of objectivity shape modern culture. While focused on early 20th century America, The Black Stork traces these issues from antiquity to the rise of Nazism, and to the "Baby Doe", "assisted suicide" and human genome initiative debates of today.
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Actively kill aesthetic American April Baltimore birth control Black Stork Bollinger Bollinger baby Call November Cambridge censors censorship chap critics crusade CT November 18 death December December 24 decisions defectives doctors Erbkrank ethics eugenicists euthanasia February 24 Genetics genics Haisel Haiselden Health Film Health Film Collection Hearst hereditary heredity Historical Health Film History of Medicine human impaired newborns included Independent January infanticide infants John Harvey Kellogg Judith Walzer Leavitt Kevles LC-MBRS magazine mass culture maternal impressions mental Michigan Historical Health modern moral Motion Picture Motography movie MRR 22 February MRR Feb Name of Eugenics National Nazi NBRMP Box 103 November 18 November 20 NYAm NYAm November NYS November Oxford University Press parents Pernick physicians Politics professional propaganda Public Health racial reformers Review Science scientific sexual Social Hygiene Socialist Society sterilization surgery tion tive treatment unfit values William women WP November York