Russia: People and Empire, 1552-1917

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Harvard University Press, 1997 - History - 548 pages

The Soviet Union crumbles and Russia rises from the rubble, once again the great nation--a perfect scenario, but for one point: Russia was never a nation. And this, says the eminent historian Geoffrey Hosking, is at the heart of the Russians' dilemma today, as they grapple with the rudiments of nationhood. His book is about the Russia that never was, a three-hundred-year history of empire building at the expense of national identity.

Russia begins in the sixteenth century, with the inception of one of the most extensive and diverse empires in history. Hosking shows how this undertaking, the effort of conquering, defending, and administering such a huge mixture of territories and peoples, exhausted the productive powers of the common people and enfeebled their civic institutions. Neither church nor state was able to project an image of "Russian-ness" that could unite elites and masses in a consciousness of belonging to the same nation. Hosking depicts two Russias, that of the gentry and of the peasantry, and reveals how the gap between them, widened by the Tsarist state's repudiation of the Orthodox messianic myth, continued to grow throughout the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Here we see how this myth, on which the empire was originally based, returned centuries later in the form of the revolutionary movement, which eventually swept away the Tsarist Empire but replaced it with an even more universalist one. Hosking concludes his story in 1917, but shows how the conflict he describes continues to affect Russia right up to the present day.

 

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RUSSIA: People and Empire

User Review  - Kirkus

A valuable reinterpretation of Russian history in the light of the dissolution of the Soviet empire, by Hosking (History/University of London). His theme is that the building of the empire obstructed ... Read full review

Russia: people and empire, 1552-1917

User Review  - Not Available - Book Verdict

Although at first blush, Hosking's book may seem like just another surey of Russian history, it is in fact much more. The well-regarded Hosking (deputy director, Univ. of London's School of Slavonic ... Read full review

Contents

How and Why
3
The First Crises of empire
45
The Secular State of Peter the Great
75
Assimilating Peters Heritage
95
The Apogee of the Secular State
120
Social classes religion
151
The Reforms of Alexander II
315
Russian Socialism
345
The Revolution of 19057
398
The Duma Monarchy
424
The Revolution of 1917
453
CONCLUSIONS
478
CHRONOLOGY
487
NOTES
493
INDEX
531
Copyright

Russification
367

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About the author (1997)

Geoffrey Alan Hosking, born April 28, 1942, in Troon, Ayrshire,Scotland, attended King's College, Cambridge, earning an M.A. and a Ph.D. He also attended St. Anthony's College, Oxford. He is professor of Russian history at the University of London, School of Slavonic and East European Studies. He has been a visiting lecturer in political science at the University of Wisconsin, Madison; a research fellow at Columbia University's Russian Institute; and a visiting professor at the University of Cologne Slaviches Institute. Hosking's works include The Russian Constitutional Experiment: Government and Duma,1907-14, Beyond Socialist Realism: Soviet Fiction since "Ivan Denisovich," and The First Socialist Society: A History of the Soviet Union from Within.

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