Oral Tradition and Literary Dependency: Variability and Stability in the Synoptic Tradition and Q
With this work, Terence C. Mournet contributes to the ongoing discussion regarding oral tradition and the formation of the Synoptic Gospels. Synoptic studies have been marked by an excessive bias towards exclusively literary models of Synoptic interrelationships. Despite the widespread recognition that oral tradition played a significant role in the formation of the gospel tradition, the gospels are often examined as literary works apart from their relationship to oral performance. While not dismissing the use of written sources in the process of gospel composition, a study of the relationship in antiquity between oral communication and written texts leads us to re-examine any solution to the Synoptic Problem that does not take into adequate account the influence of oral tradition upon the development of the gospel tradition. Orality studies, and in particular folklore research, can help provide additional insight into the transmission of the early Jesus tradition and the formation of the Synoptic Gospels. The author examines various so-called 'Q' pericopes in light of the folkloristic characteristics of variability and stability, and he raises questions about how we envision the form and scope of a 'Q' text. While not discounting the assured results of literary methods of Gospel analysis, it is suggested that more serious attention be given to an oral performance model of early Christian tradition transmission.
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Aland 85 ancient approach argues argument aural Biblical Bultmann Carlston and Norlin characteristics of oral conclusion culture Dibelius Didache double tradition Dundes Dunn E. P. Sanders early Christian early form-critical early Jesus tradition examination Figure folklore folklorists form critics Gerhardsson Gospel of Mark Gospel tradition Havelock Hebrew Bible Henaut hypothesis Kelber Kloppenborg laws level of agreement level of verbatim Lord Lord's Mark Markan Markan priority material Matt Matthean and Lukan Matthew and Luke NP sections oral and written oral communication oral literature oral performance Oral Torah oral tradition Orality and Literacy Papias parallel parataxis pericope possible question rabbinic redaction regarding Sanders scholars Section Number Shared Words Aland significant source text Statistical suggests summary Synoptic Gospels Synoptic Problem Synoptic Text Synoptic Tradition Tendencies term Testament textual thesis tradition transmission triple tradition two-source hypothesis Verbatim Agreement Mt Volume writing written source written texts
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