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according ACTIVE added adjectives aorist appears attached Avesta becomes belonging beside cause chiefly combination commonly Compounds consonant corresponding declension Derivative directly Dual ending especially Examples feminine final formation Gerundive give Gram GYAv Imperative Indicative inflection initial instances Instr internal language later likewise masc MASCULINE means MIDDLE neut NEUTER Note nouns Observe occasionally occur Optative orig original Pahlavi palatal Participle passive perfect perhaps Plural Possessive preceding prefix pres present radical rare reduplication regard regularly religion remains Remark represented root rule Sanskrit Second secondary Similarly Singular sometimes sonant stands stem strengthened strong strongest Subjunctive suffix texts thematic Third Person thou Transfers variant verb verbal vowel weak form Whitney written Zoroaster
Page xxxv - Now shall I preach of the world's Two primal Spirits The Holier One of which did thus address the Evil: 'Neither do our minds, our teachings, nor our concepts, Nor our beliefs, nor words, nor do our deeds in sooth, Nor yet our consciences, nor souls agree in aught.
Page xix - and Yasna were gathered together by the priests for liturgical purposes. It was the duty of the priests to recite the whole of these sacred writings every day, in order to preserve their own purity, and
Page xxxiii - are in general identical. The roots are chiefly monosyllabic and are subject to the same modifications as in Skt. In voice, mode, and tense, and in their
Page xix - Such, in brief outline, is the contents of the books known to-day as the Avesta; but, as implied above, this is but a remnant of a literature once vastly greater in extent. This we can judge both from internal and from historical evidence. The character of the work itself in its present
Page xxxvi - But the son walked with the father Fifteen years old each in figure; Long as Vivanghvat's son, Yima The good shepherd, ruled as sovereign.
Page xxxiii - In voice, mode, and tense, and in their conjugation-system the two languages quite agree. The endings show equal antiquity with the Sanskrit. The primary active endings in Av. are: Sing.
Page xv - began to be studied by Sanskrit scholars. The close affinity between the two languages had already been noticed by different scholars; but in 1826, the more exact relation between the Sanskrit and the Avesta was shown by the Danish philologian, Rask, who had
Page xxxii - the Avesta shows nearly the richness of the Vedic Sanskrit. There are three genders, masculine, neuter, feminine; likewise three numbers, singular, dual, plural. The dual is