A Piety Above the Common Standard: Jesse Mercer and the Defense of Evangelistic Calvinism
Jesse Mercer (1769-1841) was a Baptist pastor, editor, and denominational statesman who figured prominently in the debates over Calvinism among Southern clergymen. Most studies of Calvinism in America have focused on Jonathan Edwards, the New Divinity Movement, and the Princeton theologians. Calvinism, however, played a key role in shaping the religious mind of the South, particularly among Baptists who debated the relationship between divine sovereignty and human responsibility as it related to missions, education, and social reform. These debates led to the formation of two Baptist groups, Primitive and Missionary, the latter of which ultimately became Southern Baptists. This book explores the role of Jesse Mercer within these debates as he promoted the first form of the Georgia Baptist Convention. His Calvinistic theology governed his actions and life. He emphasized missions, theological training for pastors, and cooperation between churches in fulfilling the Great Commission. Calvinism is as important a topic today in the study of religion as it ever has been. This book gives perspective and history to current trends and understandings.
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Adiel Sherwood American Andrew Fuller antimission Arminian atonement Baptist College Baptist Denomination Baptists in Georgia became Bible Boykin brethren Brother called Calvinism Calvinistic Christ Christian Index Circular Letter committee concern Confession congregation cooperation declared Denomination in Georgia divine doctrines of grace duty Eatonton editor Elder Jesse Mercer elect Evangelical evangelistic faith Father fellowship Fourfold Foundation Fuller Georgia Baptist Association Georgia Baptist Convention God's Haven CT Holy human Ibid Jesse Mercer believed Jesus John later limited atonement Lord Mallary means Memoirs of Elder Mercer Institute Mercer University Mill Baptist Church Minister's Meeting ministerial education ministers Minutes Missionary Baptists Missionary Society Particular Baptists pastor persons preachers preaching predestination Primitive Baptists promote protracted meetings Religion religious repentance revival salvation Sarepta Scripture Second Great Awakening Separate Baptists September sermon Silas Mercer sinners South Southern Baptist Southern Baptist Convention sovereignty Spirit spread the gospel theological tion Triennial Convention University Press views Walker
Page 4 - I saw clearly the hour was come for leaving this place : and, soon as evening prayers were over, about eight o'clock, the tide then serving, I shook off the dust of my feet, and left Georgia, after having preached the Gospel there, not as I ought, but as I was able, one year, and nearly nine months.