Slavery in the Late Roman World, AD 275–425
Capitalizing on the rich historical record of late antiquity, and employing sophisticated methodologies from social and economic history, this book reinterprets the end of Roman slavery. Kyle Harper challenges traditional interpretations of a transition from antiquity to the Middle Ages, arguing instead that a deep divide runs through 'late antiquity', separating the Roman slave system from its early medieval successors. In the process, he covers the economic, social and institutional dimensions of ancient slavery and presents the most comprehensive analytical treatment of a pre-modern slave system now available. By scouring the late antique record, he has uncovered a wealth of new material, providing fresh insights into the ancient slave system, including slavery's role in agriculture and textile production, its relation to sexual exploitation, and the dynamics of social honor. By demonstrating the vitality of slavery into the later Roman empire, the author shows that Christianity triumphed amidst a genuine slave society.
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agricultural Ambr ancient slavery Arjava Augustine Bagnall chapter child exposure Christian Chrys church claim classical concubinage concubine Constantine CSEL Diocletian dishonored domination economy elite emperor enslavement Evans Grubbs evidence exploitation female slaves fifth century Foerster vol fourth century freeborn freedmen Garnsey Gregory household imperial important infants inscriptions institutional iugera John Chrysostom Justinian kaŠ kcci land-owners late antiquity late empire late Roman slavery lex Iulia Libanius male slaves manumission manumitted marriage McGinn Mediterranean MGH AA papyri production prostitution relationship reproduction rescripts role Roman empire Roman law Roman slave system Roman slavery Roman society rules rural Scheidel senatorial Serm sermon servile sexual honor slave family slave labor slave population slave society slave status slave trade slave-girl slave-owner slave-ownership slave-woman social sources structure tcov textile Theodosian Code urban village violence woman