Africans and the Industrial Revolution in England: A Study in International Trade and Economic Development
Drawing on classical development theory and recent theoretical advances on the connection between expanding markets and technological developments, this book shows the critical role of expanding Atlantic commerce in the successful completion of England's industrialization process over the period 1650-1850. The contribution of Africans, the central focus of the book, is measured in terms of the role of diasporic Africans in large-scale commodity production in the Americas - of which expanding Atlantic commerce was a function - at a time when demographic and other socioeconomic conditions in the Atlantic basin encouraged small-scale production by independent populations, largely for subsistence. This is the first detailed study of the role of overseas trade in the Industrial Revolution. It revises inward-looking explanations that have dominated the field in recent decades, and shifts the assessment of African contribution away from the debate on profits.
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Chapter 1 Introduction
Chapter 2 The English Economy in the Longue Durée
Chapter 3 A Historiography of the First Industrial Revolution
Chapter 4 SlaveBased Commodity Production and the Growth of Atlantic Commerce
Chapter 5 Britain and the Supply of African Slave Labor to the Americas
Chapter 6 The Atlantic Slave Economy and English Shipping
Chapter 7 The Atlantic Slave Economy and the Development of Financial Institutions
African coast African trade agriculture annual average Atlantic basin Atlantic commerce Atlantic slave Atlantic slave trade Barbados Brazil Bristol Britain British America British Caribbean British slave trade Cambridge capital cargo Caribbean chapter colonies Commercial Revolution commodities company’s computed contribution copper countries Davis decades domestic market dominated earlier early East India Economic Growth eighteenth century employed England estimates Europe European evidence expansion factors figures gold Guinea Ibid import substitution import substitution industries increased industrial production Industrial Revolution Inikori international trade James Rogers labor Lancashire late eighteenth linen Liverpool Lloyd’s London manufactures merchants million nineteenth century output overseas trade percent period plantation population ports raw materials re-exports regions role Royal African Company Samuel Galton sector Senegal seventeenth century ships shows sixteenth Slavery Sources and Notes Spanish America sugar Table Thomas tion tonnage tons University Press vessels West Indies West Midlands Western Africa woollen