A view of the English interests in India: and an account of the military operations in the southern parts of the peninsula, during the campaigns of 1782, 1783, and 1784. In two letters; addressed to the Right Honorable the Earl of ********, and to Lord Macartney and the Select committee of Fort St. George

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T. Cadell, 1787 - Great Britain - 323 pages
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Page 40 - In former times the Bengal countries were the granary of nations, and the repository of commerce, wealth and manufacture in the East. . . . " But such has been the restless energy of our misgovernment that within the short space of twenty years many parts of these countries have been reduced to the appearance of a desert. The fields are no longer cultivated; extensive tracts...
Page 93 - ... abundance. The productions of the neighbouring island of Ceylon would flourish here, and thus render us the rivals of the Dutch in the cinnamon trade ; but the peculiar tenure under which the country has been held, the convulsions it has endured from the first intrusions of the Mussalmans in the course of this century, and the depravity of its rulers, have counteracted the benefits of nature.
Page 249 - The established practice throughout this part of the peninsula has for ages been to allow the farmer one-half of the produce of his crop for the maintenance of his family, and the recultivation of the land ; while the other is appropriated to the Circar. In the richest soils, under the cowle of Hyder, producing three annual crops, it is hardly known that less than forty per cent, of the crop produced has been allotted to the husbandman.
Page 132 - These were strengthened by troops in their rear, forming a communication with those in * front. For this purpose two other battalions were posted within the wood, and as soon as we gained the embankment, • the camp moved near it and concentrated our force. " We continued to cut our way under an unabating fire from 8,000...
Page 160 - Calingoody, a post on the western side of the forest withia fifteen miles of Palghautcherry. The frequent ravines required to be filled up before it was possible to drag the guns across them; innumerable large trees which obstructed the passage required to be cut down and drawn out of the intended track, and then the whole road was to be formed before the carriages could pass. The brigades were distributed to succeed each other at intervals...
Page 140 - and cultivate their own lands, instead " of plundering their industrious neighbours, then they shall be cher"ished; but while their habit is idleness and their business deyas" tation, I will treat every one as a public enemy who wields a pike, " or wears the turban of a Polygar.
Page 252 - ... of engagements, and for a long list of defalcations. But there are still some other not less extraordinary constituents in the complex endowments of a renter. He unites, in his own person, all the branches of judicial or civil authority, and if he happens to be a Brahmin, he may also be termed the representative of ecclesiastical jurisdiction.
Page 251 - ... anything to a distant market, he is stopped at every village by the collectors of Sunkum or Gabella (transit duties), who exact a duty for every article exported, imported, or disposed of. So unsupportable is this evil, that between Negapatam and Palghautcherry, not more than three hundred miles, there are about thirty places of collection, or, in other words, a tax is levied every ten miles upon the produce of the country; thus manufacture and commerce are exposed to disasters hardly less severe...
Page 160 - The brigades were distributed to succeed each other at intervals, preceded by pioneers in order to clear what the advanced body had opened for the guns and stores that were to move under cover of the rear division. While we were thus engaged, an unremitting rain, extremely unusual at that season, commenced. The ravines were filled with water, the paths became slippery, the bullocks lost their footing, and the troops were obliged to drag the guns and carriages...
Page 183 - Sattimungalum, and returned to Tanjore. I rejoice, however, that he undertook the business; for his journal, which has been before your board, evinces that the southern army acted towards our enemies with a mildness seldom experienced by friends in moments of pacification. From him, also, you learned, that this conduct operated on the minds of the inhabitants, who declared that we afforded them more secure protection than the commanders of their own troops.

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