American Thought: From Puritanism to Pragmatism And Beyond
[T]he history of evolution in America... has been from the cosmic to the organic, has passed through the logical phases from supernatural election to natural selection.-from "The Forerunners of Evolutionism"From his perch at the beginning of the enlightened and scientific 20th century, Woodbridge Riley surveys the history of intellectualism in America. First published in 1915 and still delightfully informative, included is a comprehensive overview of philosophical movements in the United States: Puritanism (of the early colonials) Early Idealism (of Samuel Johnson and Jonathan Edwards) Deism (of Franklin and Jefferson) Materialism (and the influence of the French) Realism (and the influence of the Scottish) Transcendentalism (of Emerson, et. al.) Evolutionism (of John Fiske and James Mark Baldwin) Modern Idealism (and the influence of the Germans) Pragmatism (of John Dewey and William James) Modern Realism (of the scientific 20th century)From how we as a would-be nation conceived of God's place in politics before the Revolution to how we think about modern art and modern science, this is an invigorating read.American scholar WOODBRIDGE RILEY (1869-1933) was professor of philosophy at Vassar College and lecturer at the Sorbonne. He is also the author of The Founder of Mormonism (1903), and was a contributor to the four-volume Cambridge History of English Literature (1917-1921).
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absolute Agassiz agnosticism American animal appears Asa Gray atheism belief Bergson called Calvinism cause century Christian common sense Comte conception consciousness cosmic creation Creative Evolution critic Darwin declared deism deist deity Dewey divine doctrine dualism Emerson empiricism ence England England transcendentalism English essence eternal evolution existence experience explain facts final force Franklin French German Hegel human hypothesis idealism idealist ideas immanent individual influence intellectual intelligence intuition James Kant knowledge logical material matter means ment mental metaphysics method mind modern monistic moral movement mystic natural selection notion object organic Origin of Species original pantheism philosophy physical Plato political positivism practical prag pragmatism pragmatist principle problem psychology Puritanism rational realism reality reason relations religion skepticism social soul special creation species speculative spirit substance theory things thinkers thought tion transcendentalism transcendentalists true truth universe whole word
Page 32 - ... in the sun, moon, and stars; in the clouds and blue sky; in the grass, flowers, trees; in the water and all nature ; which used greatly to fix my mind. I often used to sit and view the moon for...
Page 31 - After this my sense of divine things gradually increased, and became more and more lively, and had more of that inward sweetness. The appearance of everything was altered: there seemed to be, as it were, a calm, sweet cast, or appearance of divine glory, in almost everything.