Luther and Erasmus: Free Will and Salvation

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Ernest Gordon Rupp, Philip Saville Watson
Westminster John Knox Press, 1969 - Religion - 348 pages
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This volume includes the texts of Erasmus's 1524 diatribe against Luther, De Libero Arbitrio, and Luther's violent counterattack, De Servo Arbitrio. E. Gordon Rupp and Philip Watson offer commentary on these texts as well.

Long recognized for the quality of its translations, introductions, explanatory notes, and indexes, the Library of Christian Classics provides scholars and students with modern English translations of some of the most significant Christian theological texts in history. Through these works--each written prior to the end of the sixteenth century--contemporary readers are able to engage the ideas that have shaped Christian theology and the church through the centuries.

 

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User Review  - SamTekoa - LibraryThing

This translation of Erasmus and Luther's writings on the nature of salvation is very helpful in understanding the origins of these positions.In a way this was a brutal read. Luther is so certain and ... Read full review

Contents

PREFATORY OBSERVATIONS
35
INTRODUCTION TO THE DISPUTATION
42
Works and Faith
49
Other Words of Christ
59
EXAMINATION OF LUTHERS ARGUMENTS IN H1s Assertio
74
EPILOGUE
85
INTRODUCTION
101
Divine Necessity and the Human Will
139
Will Secret
200
The Ques
208
DEFENSE OF ARGUMENTS AGAINST FREE CHOICE
219
REBUTTAL OF ERASMUS CRITIQUE OF THE Assertio
263
A DISPLAY OF THE FORCES ON LUTHERS SIDE
292
the Law
302
Free Choice Is of the World the Flesh
319
CONCLUSION
332

Mens Sight
154
REFUTATION OF ARGUMENTS IN SUPPORT OF FREE CHOICE
169

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About the author (1969)

Desiderius Erasmus was born, probably in 1469, in Rotterdam, Holland. He studied in Paris, traveled in England, Germany, and Italy, and wrote in Latin. Living at the time of the Renaissance when most intellectual concepts were being examined, Erasmus was a great admirer of the ancient writers and edited many of their works. Erasmus remained a Roman Catholic, but believed that many of the priests and theologians had distorted the simple teachings of Jesus. He published an edition of the New Testament-the first edition in the original Greek-in order to make clear the essential teachings of Christianity. Erasmus liked above all things clear and honest thinking; he despised intolerance and persecution. He was the greatest of the humanists because his books, more effectively than any others, propagated a humane philosophy of life, teaching that one's chief duties are to be intelligent, open-minded, and charitable. The most famous and the most influential of Erasumus' books were The Praise of Folly (1509) and Colloquies (1518). These works, written in lively, colloquial, and witty Latin, expressed his ideas on the manners and customs of his time. Erasmus exerted a powerful influence not only through his books, but also through the private letters that he wrote to a great number of humanist scholars in all parts of Western Europe. He carried on extensive correspondences with Thomas More of England. More than 1500 of his letters survive today. Erasmus died in Basel, Switzerland, on July 12, 1536.

E. Gordon Rupp was Dixie Professor of Ecclesiastical History at the University of Cambridge in England. Rupp also served as President of the British Methodist Church in 1969.

Phillip S. Watson has served as Professor of Systematic Theology at Garrett Theological Seminary in Evanston, Illinois.

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