Early Voyages Up and Down the Mississippi

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J. Munsell, 1861 - Mississippi River - 191 pages
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Page 130 - Ilinois gave me one, to serve as a safeguard among all the Nations through whom I had to pass during my voyage. There is a Calumet for peace, and one for war, which are distinguished solely by the Color of the feathers with which they are adorned; Red is a sign of war. They also use it to put an end to Their disputes, to strengthen Their alliances, and to speak to Strangers.
Page 54 - s man, and we started from Chicago on the 29th, and put up for the night about two leagues off, in the little river which is then lost in the prairies. The next day we began the portage, which is about three leagues long when the water is low, and only a quarter of a league in the spring, for you embark on a little lake that empties into a branch of the river of the Illinois, and when the waters are low you have to make a portage to that branch.
Page 47 - ... of a zealous miflionary. He quieted the minds of our employees in the little vagaries that they might have; he fupported us by his example in the exercifes of devotion which the voyage permitted us to perform, very often approaching the facraments. It would be ufelefs, Monfeigneur, to give you a defcription of Lake...
Page 65 - Miciflipi, which down to this river are very clear. It is faid that there are up this mountain (river?) a great number of Indians. Three or four leagues [further] we found on the left a rock having fome figures painted on it, for which, it is faid, the Indians have fome veneration.
Page 142 - ... to take. This harveft is made for the chief and the woman chief, and to furnifh food to the fpirits of the deceafed chiefs ; but all take part in the feaft made to them for fix days with the ordinary howls, cries and ceremonies, which they do not wifh to explain to the miflionaries, to whom for all anfwer they fay : Nou-kou, that is to fay, / do not know why it is done.
Page 107 - Tiofcate (this was the name of the Sciou whom Mr. Le Sueur took to Canada in 1695, and who died there in 1696). At this name of Tiofcate they began to weep again, and to wipe their tears on Mr.
Page 66 - The next day about noon we reached the Tamarois. The Indians had been early notified of our coming by another who had started from the Akanseas [Cahokias?] to carry them the news. As they had given trouble to some of Mr. de Tonty's men a year before, they were afraid, and all the women and children fled from the village; but we did not go to it, as we wished to prepare for the feast of the Conception, we cabined on the other side of the river on the right. Mr. de Tonty went to the village and having...
Page 68 - ... whirlpool there, where it is faid a canoe is ingulfed at the high waters. Fourteen Miamis were once loft there, which has rendered the fpot fearful among the Indians, fo that they are accuftomed to make fome facrifices to this rock when they pafs. We faw no figure there as we had been told.
Page 77 - France, in, 438.) to induce us to go and fee them and to remain with them. Thefe people are very mild, give a warm welcome and have a great efteem for the French ; they are fedentary, cultivate the earth, living on nothing fcarcely but Indian corn. I often fpeak of the Tonicas and the Taenfas and of thofe who are on the banks of the Miciflipi going down to the fea, for far inland the Indians are in great numbers. They have rather fine temples, the walls of which are of mats. That of the Taenfas has...
Page 66 - Kavvechias, 37 who were ftill mourning over the blow inflicted on them by the Chikakas and Chouanons; they all began to weep on our arrival. They did not feem to us fo hoftile or ill difpofed as fome Illinois Indians had told us of thefe poor people, who excited more our compaflion than our fear.

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