"This lecture offers an introduction to the place, significance and underlying theory of projective methods in psychology, their relation to recent developments in scientific thinking and methodology and a brief description of the different kinds of projective procedures now in use. The lecture does not give any specific direction for using or interpreting projective results but rather provides what may be called the rationale of such methods. The first part discusses the growing use of projective methods in psychology and psychiatry and shows how they are predicated upon a psychocultural conception of the emergence of the personality and its dynamic operation. The second part describes recent developments in scientific concepts and methods, especially in physics and chemistry and medicine, as illustrative of the new climate of opinion we are now entering. The third part reviews various approaches to the study and diagnosis of personality by way of preface to' the more specific description of actual procedures. The fourth part outlines projective techniques and describes the five different varieties thus far developed, with interpretative comment upon the value and use of each variety. The fifth part discusses reliability and validity of projective, methods and the emergence of new criteria for assaying projective procedures. This monograph has been prepared to direct the attention of students toward recent developments in scientific thinking which have revolutionized physical science and offer immense possibilities for advancing psychology as soon as these new concepts and assumptions are understood and the new criteria and methodologies are accepted by psychologists. It is hoped that a reading of this lecture in print will stimulate further "explorations in personality" and also enlist a wider public awareness of what is taking place today in study and diagnosis of personality. Finally, this monograph is offered as a contribution to the further development of mental hygiene in education, industry and public administration by showing how better personnel selection may be achieved through the use of projective methods"--Preface. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2015 APA, all rights reserved).
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APPROACHES TO THE STUDY OF PERSONALITY
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Abstract accepted according action activities affective analysis apperception test application approach assumptions atomic basic become behavior Bull Character & Pers child clinical complex concepts conduct configuration constructive criteria cultural diagnosis dimensions discover distortion drawings dynamic earlier emotional especially established experience experimental expression feelings field findings FRANK functions Genet give given human ideas identified indicators individual internal interpretation language learns less living materials meaning measure Ment Monogr Moreover norms objective observed offer operation organism Orthopsychiat parents patient patterns personality physics play possible Press private world problems procedures projective methods projective techniques Psychiat Psychol psychology quantitative reactions recent recognized regularities relation relative reliability responses reveal Rorschach RUTH Science scientific selectively significance similar situation social specific statistical structure substance symbolic Thematic apperception theory therapy thinking tion traditions treatment understanding unique utilized validity various York