The Phonology of Coronals
This study investigates the phonological behavior of coronal consonants, i.e. sounds produced with the tip or blade of the tongue. The analysis draws on data from over 120 languages and dialects. A definition of coronality is proposed that rejects the current view holding that palatals are positively marked for this feature. The feature [coronal] is assumed to be privative; the natural class of noncoronals is captured with the feature [peripheral], which dominates [labial] and [velar] in feature geometry. The book contains a detailed examination of the phonological patterning of segments belonging to each of the six coronal subplaces (i.e. interdental, dental, alveolar, retroflex, palatoalveolar, and alveolopalatal). A universal set of features is posited that accounts for these facts. Inventories of coronal consonants are treated in depth and impossible contrasts are accounted for with several if-then statements. The present study also contains a lengthy analysis of the phonology of rhotic consonants. A set of features is postulated which captures natural classes involving rhotics and nonrhotic consonants and which distinguishes the various stricture types among rhotics (i.e. trill vs. tap vs. approximant).
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According affricates alveolar retroﬂex palatoalveolar alveolar ridge alveolopalatal American English apical argue articulatory assimilation Australian languages captured Catford Chomsky & Halle Clements & Hume Colarusso 1988 consonantal constriction continuant coronal consonants coronal features coronal fricatives coronal stops cross-linguistically deﬁnition described discussion Dogil dorsal example feature back feature coronal feature geometry ﬁnal ﬁrst ﬂap fricative trills fricatives and affricates front vowels glide Hulst Hungarian illustrated inherently palatalized interdentals inventories labials and velars Ladefoged & Maddieson laminal lateral fricatives linguists Maddieson 1984 natural class noncontinuants noncoronal nonstrident Northwest Caucasian languages obstruents palatal fricatives palatalization feature palatalized consonants palatalized velars palatoalveolar palatoalveolar alveolopalatal palatal pattern phonologically phonetic Phonological evidence phonologically phonologists phonotactic places of articulation postalveolar privative Prunet Pulleyblank r-sounds recall referred retroﬂex rhotic Rubach rule Sagey Sanskrit segments set of sounds sibilants sonorant spreading strident surface tongue body Underspecification uvular voiced voiceless vowel harmony