The Guadalupan Controversies in Mexico
The tradition of Our Lady of Guadalupe of Mexico is one of history's greatest examples of the fusion of religious devotion and national identity. For more than three centuries it has united a people who have often been divided. Given the universality of the devotion, not just in Mexico but throughout the Catholic world, it is surprising to know that from the beginning the story of the Virgin Mary's appearances to the neophyte Indian Juan Diego has been the object of bitter controversy. In the late nineteenth century this centered on the authenticity of the tradition, sparked in part by the famous letter of the great Mexican historian Joaquín García Icazbalceta to the archbishop of Mexico, in which he listed his arguments against the tradition. From 1980 until 2002 the controversy centered on the canonization of Juan Diego and the doubts about his historical existence. The Guadalupan Controversies in Mexico is the first comprehensive history of this interesting yet relatively unknown facet of Mexican social and religious history.
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From the Beginning i
The Controversy Is Ignited
Coronation and Controversy
The Visitation of Archbishop Averardi
An Uneasy Calm
The Beatification of Juan Diego
History versus Juan Diego
abbot Agreda y Sanchez Alarcon Andrade anti-apparitionists Anticoli Antonio Plancarte aparicion apparitionists apparitions Archbishop Labastida archbishop of Mexico Basilica Basilica of Guadalupe beatification Becerra Tanco bishop canonization of Juan Cardinal Carrillo y Ancona Cartas Catholic cause century Chavez Sanchez church Congregation controversy coronation cultus December devotion documents El Universal ermita Escalada faith Father Florencia Francisco Guadalupan Guerrero Rosado Guillermo Schulenburg historian Holy Ibid Indian Informacion interview Jacona Jesuit Joaquin Garcia Icazbalceta Juan Diego Labastida y Davalos Lady of Guadalupe Laso Lopez Beltran Luis Luis Guerrero Mexican Mexico City miracle Montes de Oca Nahuatl native Nican mopohua Nicolas Leon Olimon Nolasco original person Plancarte y Labastida Plancarte y Navarrete Plancarte's pope Positio Posizione 2a priest published Rampolla Reforma Rome Romero Salinas Saint Salazar Salazar Sanchez Camacho Schulenburg September siervo de Dios Spanish Tamaulipas Tapia Mendez Tepeyac tilma tion Tonantzin tradition Vatican Virgin of Guadalupe wrote Zumarraga