What Animals Want: Expertise and Advocacy in Laboratory Animal Welfare Policy
This book presents a history of animal rights. It brings a novel, sociological perspective to an area that has been addressed largely from a philosophical perspective, or from the entrenched positions of highly committed advocates of a particular position in the debate. This book is about the people who would speak for animals in laboratories. On the one hand, people vie to speak on animals' behalf in the policy arena, to advocate for them in a forum in which they have no direct voice. Animal protectionists are immediately obvious in this role, but so are veterinarians, other animal care professionals, and many scientists. On the other hand, speaking for animals means interpreting them, translating their animal minds into human language; it's a claim of expertise and knowledge rather than commitment and advocacy. But the two are intimately intertwined, and many of the policy debates examined in this book are about these two ways of speaking for animals. This book is offered to those who are hoping for some sort of balance that promotes animal welfare and biomedical progress, not platitudes or irrelevant rules with no real impact in animals' lives.
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Introduction What animals want
Life in the animal laboratory
Animal welfare Philosophy meets science
A rat is a pig The significance of species
Performance standards How big is your guinea pigs house?
Centaurs and science The professionalization of laboratory animal care and use
The problem of pain
The animal advocates
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American Veterinary Medical analgesics Analysis and Development anesthesia anesthetic Animal and Plant animal ethics animal pain animal protection animal protectionists animal research animal rights Animal Welfare Act Animal Welfare Institute animal welfare policy antivivisectionists assess AVMA Panel behavior behaviorists Biomedical Research brain waves cage cage-size claims committee controversy decapitation Development 1989 dog exercise Draize test drugs euthanasia experiments expertise focus groups Guide guinea pigs Health Inspection Service housing human subjects IACUC ILAR individual infection jurisdiction killing labo laboratory animal professionals laboratory animal veterinarians Laboratory Animal Welfare mals mandated Mikeska monkeys moral pain and distress painkillers performance standards philosophers Plant Health Inspection primates procedures proposed protocols psychological well-being rabbits ratory Regulatory Analysis require research advocates research animals rodents role Rollin scientific scientists social speak for animals species speciesism studies surgery tion U.S. Congress USDA USDA's Welfare Act amendment Welfare Act regulations