Biomonitoring of Trace Aquatic Contaminants
Springer Science & Business Media, Sep 8, 1998 - Nature - 371 pages
Twenty years ago, researchers wishing to identify contaminated areas in aquatic environments generally took water samples, and analysed them badly (as we have since discovered) for a few "pollutants" which were of topical note at the time (and which could be quantified by the methods then available). Today, the use of aquatic organisms as biomonitors in preference to water analysis has become commonplace, and many national and interna tional programmes exist around the world involving such studies. We believe that this trend will continue, and have complete faith in the methodology (when it is employed correctly). We hope that the following text assists in some part in attaining this goal, such that the quality of our most basic global resource -water - is adequately protected in the future. DAVE PHILLIPS, PHIL RAINBOW England, March 1992 vii Acknowledgements Our thanks for contributions to this book are due to several individuals and groups, for varying reasons. Firstly, a co-authored book is always a triumph, and we trust that the following text is an acceptable compromise of the views of two individual authors, on a complex and developing topic. Secondly, many of the ideas herein have crystallised over the last two decades as the field has grown, and we are individually and collectively grateful to a number of researchers for their insight and assistance.
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Definitions and Scope
The Green Revolution
Aquatic Contaminants of Concern
The Early Use of Biomonitors
The Biomonitoring of Trace Metals and Radionuclides
The Biomonitoring of Organochlorines and Hydrocarbons
Monitoring Trace Contaminants in Freshwater Ecosystems
The Development of De Novo Biomonitoring Programmes for Trace Contaminants
Other editions - View all
abundance accumulation algae amphipod analysis aquatic contaminants aquatic ecosystems aquatic environments aquatic organisms Bayne bioaccumulation bioavailabilities Biol biological biomonitoring programmes biomonitors biomonitors of trace biota bivalve bivalve molluscs Bryan Bull cadmium changes Chapter chemical chlorinated coastal waters compounds copper crustaceans Depledge dieldrin discharges distribution dry weight effects employed environmental estuaries example excretion exhibit exposure fish freshwater heavy metals hydrocarbons impacts invertebrates investigations kinetics Lake Langston levels lipid Luoma Macoma balthica macroalgae marine environment mercury metabolism metal concentrations metal uptake metallothioneins molluscs mussel Mytilus edulis Mussel Watch mussels Mytilus edulis Nugegoda organic contaminants organochlorines oysters PCBs pesticides Phillips and Segar Pollut polychaete polychlorinated biphenyls populations potential proteins radionuclides rates residues River salinity samples scope for growth seasonal seawater sediments significant Simkiss species studies Tanabe temporal tion tissues toxic Toxicol trace contaminants trace elements trace metals variability variations zinc