Gender Politics and Democracy in Post-socialist Europe
Utilizing the concept of political representation, this book scrutinizes women's legislative presence and highlights the opportunities and obstacles to parity democracy in the post-Communist region of Europe. The book examines the link between women's membership in national parliaments and the substantive representation of gender interests. It investigates the role of civil society, the state, and the European Union in representing women's interests and in promoting gender politics. In revisiting Pitkin's account of political representation, the book provides an important and timely contribution to the classical political questions of who is the representative, what is represented, and how representation takes place. In adopting an integrated approach to political representation, the book extends current understanding of this fundamental concept. Using new research, it provides the first comprehensive comparative analysis of the interplay between emerging democracies and gender politics in post-communist Europe.
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activities agenda articulation attitudes towards gender Baltic Barriers to Women’s Bulgaria candidates cent Central and Eastern chapter civil society communist concept context countries under study cultural Czech Republic debate decision-making democratic descriptive representation Eastern Europe economic elected electoral Enlargement equal opportunities Estonia European Commission European Union female feminism feminist Gender and Governance gender equality gender mainstreaming gender politics gender quotas gender relations gender roles Governance Project Report Hungary identities implementation important institutions issues Latvia legislation levels of women’s liberal democracies Lithuania male men’s Nonetheless norms parliamentary parliaments perspective Pitkin’s Poland political leaders post-socialist countries post-socialist Europe post-socialist societies prepared for European Project Report prepared regime region repre responsibilities Romania sentation Slovakia Slovenia social socialist sphere substantive representation tion traditional gender Western women in politics women’s descriptive women’s groups women’s movement women’s organizations women’s political representation women’s representation women’s sector