No Nation is an Island: Language, Culture and National Identity in the Faroe Islands
This study follows the process of nation-building in a tiny nation -- the Faroe Islands, a cluster of 18 rocky islands in the North Atlantic. Originally settled by Vikings and governed by Norway, then by Denmark, and occupied by British forces during World War II, the Faroes gained a measure of home rule in 1948. Since then, Faroese politics have been doctrinated by the struggle for emancipation from the Danish cultural hegemony, through the establishment of cultural and education institutions on the islands, and through the promotion of the Faroese language in place of Danish. As the author shows, the national identity has developed in interaction with an outside world often perceived as hostile and threatening by the islanders, and in this process, certain national symbols have played a key role as boundary markers. Apart from language, the practice of pilot whale hunting has served as an important focus of national identity, and international criticism of whaling in general has only served to intensify the Faroese feeling of unity and opposition to an outside world which does not understand them.
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BETWEEN ICELANDIC AND DANISH
PURISM AND PUBLIC PROTEST
National Identities in the Global Ecumene
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association ballad boundary Broyting century characterised Copenhagen culture Danish and Faroese Danish influence Danish language Debes Denmark dialect dictionary Dimmalcetting economic Effersoe established etymological Faroe Islands Faroese alphabet Faroese and Danish Faroese ballads Faroese language Faroese national Faroese words Faroese written language Feringatidindi foreign Foringafelag Foroya Fritt Ord Grindavisa guage Hammershaimb's Hammershaimb's orthography High form home rule Icelandic language important Jakobsen Joensen Kate Sanderson Language Committee language debate language norm language policy language preservation language revival later linguistic loan-words Logting Matras mother tongue Name Act nation-building national identity national language National Romanticism national symbols nationalist nationalist movement nature neologisms Nordic languages Norse official level old Faroese op.cit opposition organisations orthographic dispute orthography Patursson pilot whale hunt Ployen's political pronunciation schools seen spelling spoken language Streymoy Svabo tion tional Torshavn tradition transnational discourse written form Wylie