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absurd accumulated property appear argument attention benefit benevolence Book Caleb Williams cause chap cheerfulness co-operation consequence consider consists contemplate conviction cultivate degree desire distribution of property division of labour doctrine doubt employed endeavour Enquirer equal property equalization of property Essay established system esteem evil excited exert existence faculties feel French Revolution Godwin Godwin's note gratification habit happiness Holcroft human mind human society ideas imagine improvement individual indolence industry injustice intellectual less live Lord Chatham luxury mankind manual labour marriage Mary Shelley Mary Wollstonecraft means ment monopoly moral motives nature necessary neighbours ness object observed oppression passion perhaps perpetually philanthropy pleasure Political Justice population prejudice present primogeniture principles produce progress reason remark render respect rich says selfish sense sentiments sinecure Sparta species spirit superfluity supposed system of property thought tion tivated tranquil true truth vices virtue wants wealth William Godwin
Page 38 - To whom does any article of property, suppose a loaf of bread, justly belong? To him who most wants it, or to whom the possession of it will be most beneficial. Here are six men famished with hunger, and the loaf is, absolutely considered, capable of satisfying the cravings of them all. Who is it that has a reasonable claim to benefit by the qualities with which the loaf is endowed?
Page 103 - The abolition of marriage in the form now practised, will be attended with no evils. We are apt to represent it to ourselves as the harbinger of brutal lust and depravity. But it really happens in this, as in other cases, that the positive laws which are made to restrain our vices, irritate and multiply them.
Page 45 - The consequence of this has been that the rich, when they bestowed the most slender pittance of their enormous wealth in acts of charity, as they were called, took merit to themselves for what they gave, instead of considering themselves as delinquents...
Page 39 - It is unjust, if one man labour to the destruction of his health or his life, that another man may abound in luxuries. It is unjust, if one man be deprived of leisure to cultivate his rational powers, while another man contributes not a single effort to add to the common stock. The faculties of one man are like the faculties of another man. Justice directs that each man, unless perhaps he be employed more beneficially to the public, should contribute to the cultivation of the common harvest, of which...
Page 101 - It is absurd to expect that the inclinations and wishes of two human beings should coincide through any long period of time. To oblige them to act and to live together, is to subject them to some inevitable portion of thwarting, bickering and unhappiness.
Page 59 - The other vices of envy, malice, and revenge are their inseparable companions. In a state of society where men lived in the midst of plenty, and where all shared alike the bounties of nature, these sentiments would inevitably expire. The narrow principle of selfishness would vanish. No man being obliged to guard his little store, or provide with anxiety or pain for his restless wants, each would lose his individual existence in the thought of the general good.
Page 62 - It is a perfectly just observation of Mr. Godwin, that, "There is a principle in human society, by which population is perpetually kept down to the level of the means of subsistence.
Page 55 - ... to none. Every man would have a frugal, yet wholesome diet; every man would go forth to that moderate exercise of his corporal functions that would give hilarity to the spirits; none would be made torpid with fatigue, but all would have leisure to cultivate the kindly and philanthropical affections of the soul, and to let loose his faculties in the search of intellectual improvements.