Byzantium and the Early Islamic Conquests
This book presents an enquiry into a fundamental historical problem in early Byzantine history: why the Byzantine Empire failed to contain emergent Islam in the new religion's initial years, and in particular how and why the Byzantines first lost Syria, Palestine, Mesopotamia, and Armenia before partial recovery.
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The Byzantine Empire in an era of accelerating change
Difficulties in devising defenses for Syria
The first Muslim penetrations of Byzantine territory
Early tests in southern Palestine
the battle of JābiyaYarmük rec
The brief struggle to save northern Syria and Byzantine
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Abū Ajnādayn al-Shām al-Tabari Anastasius the Sinaite Anatolia Antioch Arab tribes Arabic sources areas Armenian Azdi Balādhuri Bedrosian Boor Breydy Byzantine armies Byzantine authority Byzantine commanders Byzantine defense Byzantine Empire Byzantine forces Byzantine Mesopotamia Byzantine military Byzantine soldiers Byzantine territory Byzantine troops Byzantion Byzantium Caetani Caliph Chabot Christian Arab Chron Chronicle civilian Constans Constans II Constantinople contemporary Damascus defeat Disputatio early Egypt emperor Eutychius fighting frontier Futuh Gaza Ghassānids Goeje Greek Heraclius Hist historian Ibn Asākir important Iraq Islamic Iyād Jerusalem late Roman Ma'ab Macler Mesopotamia Michael the Syrian military commanders Monophysite Mu'ta Mu‘āwiya Muhammad Muslim conquests Muslim invasions Muslim sources Muslim traditions negotiations northern Syria numbers Palestine Persians population probably problems Qinnasrin raids region reports resistance Sassanian Sebeos seventh century Shahrbaraz Strategikon strategy Syria Ta'rikh Theoph Theophanes Theophylact Simocatta trans truce Umar Vahān victory W. E. Kaegi Wädi'l walled towns warfare Yarmük