Introduction to Prakrit
Introduction to Prakrit provides the reader with a guide for the more attentive and scholarly study of Prakrit occurring in Sanskrit plays, poetry and prose--both literary and inscriptional. It presents a general view of the subject with special stress on Sauraseni and Maharastri Prakrit system. The book is divided into two parts. Part I consists of I-XI Chapters which deal with the three periods of Indo-Aryan speech, the three stages of the Middle Period, the literary and spoken Prakrits, their classification and characteristics, their system of Single and Compound Consonants, Vowels, Sandhi, Declension, Conjugation and their history of literature. Part II consists of a number of extracts from Sanskrit and Prakrit literature which illustrate different types of Prakrit--Sauraseni, Maharastri, Magadhi, Ardhamagadhi, Avanti, Apabhramsa, etc., most of which are translated into English. The book contains valuable information on the Phonetics and Grammar of the Dramatic Prakrits--Sauraseni and Maharastri. It is documented with an Index as well as a Students' Bibliography.
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according analogy Apabhramsa appears archaic Ardha-Māgadhi aspirated becomes beginning Buddhist called Canon Causatives century CHAPTER classical common compounds conjugation consonants declension derived dialects double Drama edition ending entered especially Examples Exceptions Extract final follows gerund given gives grammar grammarians hand Hemacandra Hindi Indian Indic Indo-Aryan languages inscriptions Jain King language later literary literature Māgadhi meaning middle mute ņam nasal naturally Note occur older original Pali pass Passive past Person phonetic Pischel plays Plur Plural points Prakrit prefers Present preserved probably remains represent resembles root rules Sanskrit Sauraseni says seems short sibilant Sing Singular sometimes sonant sound speak speech spoken stage stems student suggested supposed translation ttā usually verbs Verse vide vowel written
Page 3 - we include the Vedic language and all dialects of the Old Indo-Aryan period, then it is true to say that all the Prakrits are derived from Sanskrit. If on the other hand " Sanskrit " is used more strictly of the...
Page 3 - This explanation is perfectly intelligible even if it be not historically correct. Practically we take Sanskrit forms as the basis and derive Prakrit forms therefrom. Nevertheless modern philology insists on an important reservation. Sanskrit forms are quoted as the basis in as far as they represent the old Indo — Aryan forms...